Justice in numbers

The figures below represent a snapshot of the latest published data and comparisons to previous periods. The relevant links to time series provide a more complete view of these figures over a longer period of time as well as links to source material where additional context and caveats can be found to aid interpretation.


Where a direction arrow is shown, this indicates an increase or decrease in the latest value of a measure when compared with the previous period of data.

Crime figures from Crime Survey of England and Wales

10.2 million

Value for 2019/20. View time series.

Down 1.0 million from 2018/19

Police recorded crime in England and Wales

6.3 million

Value for 2021/22. View time series.

Up 0.9 million from 2020/21

Estimated total cost of crime in England and Wales

£58.9bn

Value for 2015/16. View measure.

Prison population

80,659

Value for 30-Sep-2022. View time series.

Up 2,335 from 30-Jun-2021

Probation caseload

243,127

Value for 30 Jun 2022. View time series.

Up 2,205 from 31 Mar 2022

Proven reoffending rate

23.1%

Value for Oct-Dec 2020. View time series.

Down 0.5ppt from Jul-Sep 2020

Crown court disposals

95,654

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 17,467 from 2020

Crown court outstanding

58,890

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 1,745 from 2020

Magistrates' courts disposals

1,170,238

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 129,307 from 2020

Civil courts - total judgements

980,474

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 253,036 from 2020

Family court - total cases disposed

249,293

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 23,461 from 2020

Tribunals disposals - overall

265,628

Value for 2020/21. View time series.

Down 113,001 from 2019/20


Where a direction arrow is shown, this indicates an increase or decrease in the latest value of a measure when compared with the previous period of data.

Prison first receptions (quarterly)

15,994

Value for Apr-Jun 2022. View time series.

Up 640 from Jan-Mar 2022

Prison population

80,659

Value for 30-Sep-2022. View time series.

Up 2,335 from 30-Jun-2021

Prison population by sex

Male 78,130 prisoners
Female 3,179 prisoners

Values for 30 Sep 2022. View breakdown

Prison population by age

...

Multiple values. View breakdown

Prison population by offence

...

Multiple values. View breakdown

Prison releases (quarterly)

11,478

Value for Apr-Jun 2022. View time series.

Up 154 from Jan-Mar 2022

Individuals released on temporary licence

4,127

Value for Apr-Jun 2022. View time series.

Up 143 from Jan-Mar 2022

Prison type - male / female

Male 106 prisons
Female 12 prisons
Under 18 4 prisons

Values for August 2022. View breakdown

Prison type - public / private

Public sector 107 prisons
Private sector (contracted) 15 prisons

Values for August 2022. View breakdown

Prison operational capacity

82,759

Value for Jun 2022. View time series.

Up 1,605 from Jun 2021

Prison staff in post

22,001

Value for March 2022. View time series.

Up 75 from March 2021

Prisoners held in crowded accommodation

20.6 %

Value for 2021-22. View time series.

Up 0.4ppt from 2020-21

Prisoner on prisoner assaults per 1,000 prisoners

163

Value for 2021-22. View time series.

Up 23 from 2020-21

Assaults on staff per 1,000 prisoners

97

Value for 2021-22. View time series.

Up 8 from 2020-21

Self-harm incidents per 1,000 prisoners

684

Value for 2021-22. View time series.

Up 24 from 2020-21

Self inflicted deaths

75

Value for 2021-22. View time series.

Down 5 from 2020-21

Positive random mandatory drug tests (traditional)

10.5 %

Value for 2019-20. View time series.

Up 0.1ppt from 2018-19

Barricade or prevention of access incidents

1,273

Value for 2021-22. View time series.

Up 56 from 2020-21

Prisons achieve rating 3 or 4 in risk management audit

53.2%

Value for 2021-22. View breakdown.

Escapes from prison establishments and HMPPS escort

1

Value for 2021-22. View time series.

Up 1 from 2020-21

Absconds

95

Value for 2021-22. View time series.

Down 6 from 2020-21

Prisons achieve rating 3 or 4 in security audit

85.8%

Value for 2021-22. View breakdown.

Electronic monitoring caseload

15,195

Value for Mar 2022. View time series.

Up 1,199 from Mar 2021

Probation caseload

243,127

Value for 30 Jun 2022. View time series.

Up 2,205 from 31 Mar 2022

Staff in post (PS)

17,639

Value for March 2022. View time series.

Up 6,681 from March 2021

Serious further offence convictions

245

Value for 2020/21. View time series.

Down 69 from 2019/20


Where a direction arrow is shown, this indicates an increase or decrease in the latest value of a measure when compared with the previous period of data.

Proven reoffending rate

23.1%

Value for Oct-Dec 2020. View time series.

Down 0.5ppt from Jul-Sep 2020

Housed on release from custody

77.6%

Value for Jan-Mar 2022 . View time series.

Up 1.2ppt from Oct-Dec 2021

Settled accommodation at 3 months post release

71.0%

Value for Jan-Mar 2022 . View time series.

Up 3.1ppt from Oct-Dec 2021

Settled accommodation at 3 months post community disposal

80.8%

Value for Jan-Mar 2022 . View time series.

Up 2.1ppt from Oct-Dec 2021

Employed at 6 weeks post release from custody

12.7%

Value for Jan-Mar 2022 . View time series.

Up 0.8ppt from Oct-Dec 2021

Employed at 6 months post release

19.8%

Value for Jan-Mar 2022 . View time series.

Up 3.2ppt from Oct-Dec 2021

Employed at 6 months post community disposal

38.9%

Value for Jan-Mar 2022 . View time series.

Up 2.7ppt from Oct-Dec 2021

Positive random mandatory drug tests (traditional)

10.5 %

Value for 2019-20. View time series.

Up 0.1ppt from 2018-19

Positive random mandatory drug tests for new psychoactive substances

4.3 %

Value for 2019-20. View time series.

Down 4.7ppt from 2018-19

Prisoners completing treatment free from dependence

32.5%

Value for 2020-21. View time series.

Up 6.2ppt from 2019-20


Where a direction arrow is shown, this indicates an increase or decrease in the latest value of a measure when compared with the previous period of data.

Crown court disposals

95,654

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 17,467 from 2020

Crown court outstanding

58,890

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 1,745 from 2020

Crown courts cracked trials

29%

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 1ppt from 2020

Crown courts ineffective trials

23%

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 2ppt from 2020

Magistrates' courts disposals

1,170,238

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 129,307 from 2020

Mean days from receipt at Crown Court to completion

230

Value for Apr-Jun 2022. View time series.

Down 5 days from Jan-Mar 2022

Number of receipts of adult rape cases at the Crown Court

440

Value for Apr-Jun 2022. View time series.

Up 17 from Jan-Mar 2022

Civil courts - total judgements

980,474

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 253,036 from 2020

Family court - total cases disposed

249,293

Value for 2021. View time series.

Up 23,461 from 2020

Tribunals disposals - overall

265,628

Value for 2020/21. View time series.

Down 113,001 from 2019/20

1,616 (£m)

Value for 2021-22. View time series.


Prisons data

The government is reforming the way prisons work in order to improve how they protect the public, keep staff and prisoners safe, and turn from crime. To do this we are holding prison governors to account for improvements in the following areas:


Probation data

On 26th June 2021 the privatised probation services (the Community Rehabilitation Companies) were returned to public control, and absorbed into the newly named "Probation Service". The unified Probation Service is now responsible for managing all those on a court order or licence following their release from prison in England and Wales. There are now 12 probation regions across England and Wales, introducing 11 new probation regions in England; arrangements in Wales remain unchanged.

The Impacts of COVID-19

Probation acted swiftly in response to the Covid-19 pandemic, adapting systems and processes to rapidly determine the delivery levels possible and mobilising teams to achieve this at pace. This included ensuring face to face contact remained with those people on probation posing the highest risk and introducing new, innovative ways of working to supervise others and to continue to deliver other aspects of probation.

Delivery has continued to adapt in response to restrictions both locally and nationally. The development of Exceptional Delivery Models enabled Regional Probation Directors to take decisions around what services they are able to provide in their regions based on local circumstances, and flex these quickly as the situation changes. The Probation Service has since driven recovery progress forward as quickly as restrictions have allowed, in line with Public Health and Health and Safety guidance. All regions in England and Wales ceased to use their Covid Exceptional Delivery Models on 31st January 2022 and transitioned onto a Prioritisation Framework. This Framework allows Regional Probation Directors to focus on delivering key public protection responsibilities and have flexibility to adjust or pause other delivery areas identified in the framework if needed.


Contracted services

Some services have never been provided directly by the Department and have always been procured. In addition, the Department has renewed and renegotiated a number of contracts for areas of work that were outsourced prior to the creation of the Ministry of Justice. At any one time there are over one hundred procurement projects underway. Some examples of major procurement projects undertaken by the department include but are not limited the following:


Courts data

HM Courts & Tribunal Service (HMCTS) is responsible for the administration of the criminal, civil and family courts in England and Wales, tribunals in England, and non-devolved tribunals in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

HMCTS is an executive agency, sponsored bythe Ministry of Justice (MOJ). The Ministry of Justice publishes the official statistics relating to the operation of the criminal and civil justice systems, including courts and tribunals. These are published on a quarterly basis and are the best, most comprehensive figures on this topic for most purposes.


Legal aid data

Legal aid can help meet the costs of legal advice, family mediation and representation in a court or tribunal.

You’ll usually need to show that:

  • your case is eligible for legal aid
  • the problem is serious
  • you cannot afford to pay for legal costs

About

The Ministry of Justice is a major government department, at the heart of the justice system. We work to protect and advance the principles of justice. Our vision is to deliver a world-class justice system that works for everyone in society.

MOJ is a ministerial department, supported by 33 agencies and public bodies.

The data on this website is updated once a month, in the first week of each month. Updates include all relevant statistics published in the previous month. A complete and up-to-date list of Ministry of Justice statistical publications can be found here.