Justice in numbers

Public protection


Prison operational capacity

Prison first receptions (quarterly)

A first reception is a measure which counts a prisoner's first movement into custody following a court hearing for a particular set of offences committed, and therefore gives the best indication of the number of new prisoners in the reporting period.

Period Prison first receptions (quarterly)
Jan-Mar 2010 30,242
Apr-Jun 2010 29,676
Jul-Sep 2010 30,166
Oct-Dec 2010 27,958
Jan-Mar 2011 30,215
Apr-Jun 2011 29,048
Jul-Sep 2011 32,212
Oct-Dec 2011 29,285
Jan-Mar 2012 30,303
Apr-Jun 2012 27,415
Jul-Sep 2012 28,776
Oct-Dec 2012 26,278
Jan-Mar 2013 26,423
Apr-Jun 2013 27,129
Jul-Sep 2013 27,871
Oct-Dec 2013 25,895
Jan-Mar 2014 26,151
Apr-Jun 2014
Jul-Sep 2014 26,391
Oct-Dec 2014 25,087
Jan-Mar 2015 24,514
Apr-Jun 2015 23,683
Jul-Sep 2015 22,958
Oct-Dec 2015 22,567
Jan-Mar 2016 22,100
Apr-Jun 2016 21,707
Jul-Sep 2016 21,732
Oct-Dec 2016 20,719
Jan-Mar 2017 21,357
Apr-Jun 2017 21,236
Jul-Sep 2017 21,335
Oct-Dec 2017 19,989
Jan-Mar 2018 19,927
Apr-Jun 2018 19,330
Jul-Sep 2018 18,974
Oct-Dec 2018 18,219
Jan-Mar 2019 17,690
Apr-Jun 2019 18,370
Jul-Sep 2019 18,806
Oct-Dec 2019 17,306
Jan-Mar 2020 17,092
Apr-Jun 2020 12,608
Jul-Sep 2020 15,242
Oct-Dec 2020 14,634
Jan-Mar 2021 14,131
Apr-Jun 2021 15,206
Jul-Sep 2021 15,103
Oct-Dec 2021 15,000
Jan-Mar 2022 15,354
Apr-Jun 2022 15,941
Jul-Sep 2022 15,810
Oct-Dec 2022 16,411
Jan-Mar 2023 17,128
Apr-Jun 2023 17,430
Jul-Sep 2023 19,028
Oct-Dec 2023 17,242

Oct-Dec 2023

17,242

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Offender management statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.


Prison population

Total number of prisoners at a specific point in time each year.

Period Prison population
30-Jun-2002 71,218
30-Jun-2003 73,657
30-Jun-2004 74,488
30-Jun-2005 76,190
30-Jun-2006 77,982
30-Jun-2007 79,734
30-Jun-2008 83,194
30-Jun-2009 83,391
30-Jun-2010 85,002
30-Jun-2011 85,374
30-Jun-2012 86,048
30-Jun-2013 83,842
30-Jun-2014 85,509
30-Jun-2015 86,193
30-Jun-2016 85,134
30-Jun-2017 85,863
30-Jun-2018 82,773
30-Jun-2019 82,710
30-Jun-2020 79,514
30-Jun-2021 78,324
30-Jun-2022 80,659
30-Jun-2023 85,851

30-Jun-2023

85,851

Update 31 Mar 2024

The prison population at 31 Mar 2024 was 87,869.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Offender management statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.


Prison population by sex

Values:

  • Male: 82,481 prisoners
  • Female: 3,370 prisoners

For the source of this information and more details please refer to the publication: Offender management statistics quarterly

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.

30 Jun 2023


Prison population by age

Prison population by age Count
15-17 326 prisoners
18-20 3,299 prisoners
21-24 8,258 prisoners
25-29 13,332 prisoners
30-39 28,524 prisoners
40-49 17,174 prisoners
50-59 9,081 prisoners
60-69 3,954 prisoners
70 and over 1,903 prisoners

30 Jun 2023 total

85,851 prisoners

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Offender management statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.


Prison population by offence

Prison population under an immediate custodial sentence by offence group. Excludes remand and non-criminal prisoners.

Prison population by offence Count
Violence against the person 21,919
Sexual offences 13,788
Robbery 6,122
Theft Offences 6,568
Criminal damage and arson 1,067
Drug offences 11,723
Possession of weapons 2,465
Public order offences 1,441
Miscellaneous crimes against society 2,230
Fraud Offences 590
Summary Non-Motoring 1,265
Summary motoring 289
Offence not recorded 280

30 Jun 2023 total

69,747

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Offender management statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.


Prison releases (quarterly)

A release is defined as a release from prison where the prisoner has finished serving the custodial term of their sentence(s) and excludes:

  • civil non-criminal prisoners;
  • persons committed to custody for non-payment of a fine;
  • releases to hospital;
  • deported prisoners from HMPPS operated Immigration Removal Centres (IRCs); and
  • releases following recall after release on licence, except occasions:
    • where the offender has committed a new offence and is committed to custody for a new sentence and the subsequent release date falls after the sentence expiry date of the original sentence; or
    • where upon release the offender is subject to the licence condition of the new custodial sentence.
Period Prison releases (quarterly)
Jan-Mar 2015 17,797
Apr-Jun 2015 18,526
Jul-Sep 2015 18,880
Oct-Dec 2015 19,348
Jan-Mar 2016 17,923
Apr-Jun 2016 18,562
Jul-Sep 2016 18,714
Oct-Dec 2016 18,361
Jan-Mar 2017 17,639
Apr-Jun 2017 17,763
Jul-Sep 2017 17,897
Oct-Dec 2017 18,196
Jan-Mar 2018 17,904
Apr-Jun 2018 17,369
Jul-Sep 2018 17,136
Oct-Dec 2018 17,215
Jan-Mar 2019 15,432
Apr-Jun 2019 15,708
Jul-Sep 2019 15,699
Oct-Dec 2019 15,931
Jan-Mar 2020 14,721
Apr-Jun 2020 13,290
Jul-Sep 2020 12,526
Oct-Dec 2020 12,716
Jan-Mar 2021 11,419
Apr-Jun 2021 11,623
Jul-Sep 2021 11,750
Oct - Dec 2021 12,222
Jan - Mar 2022 11,324
Apr - Jun 2022 11,478
Jul - Sep 2022 11,999
Oct - Dec 2022 12,003
Jan - Mar 2023 11,887
Apr - Jun 2023 12,132
Jul - Sep 2023 12,351
Oct - Dec 2023 11,931

Oct - Dec 2023

11,931

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Offender management statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.


Individuals released on temporary licence

Release on Temporary Licence (ROTL) is the mechanism under which offenders may be released into the community, generally towards the end of their sentences, for rehabilitative purposes. It can play an important role in public protection by allowing risk management plans for offenders to be tested in the community under strict conditions before they are released. It also provides a valuable means of helping offenders prepare for their resettlement in the community by, for example, finding work or rebuilding links with their families, which helps to reduce reoffending.

These figures show the number of individuals released on temporary licence at least once in the quarter. Some individuals may be released multiple times within the quarter or over multiple quarters. Therefore, it is not possible to sum multiple quarters together to find the number of releases on temporary licence over a longer period.

Period Individuals released on temporary licence
Apr-Jun 2015 3,668
Jul-Sep 2015 3,521
Oct-Dec 2015 3,514
Jan-Mar 2016 3,546
Apr-Jun 2016 3,685
Jul-Sep 2016 3,879
Oct-Dec 2016 3,985
Jan-Mar 2017 4,019
Apr-Jun 2017 4,023
Jul-Sep 2017 4,044
Oct-Dec 2017 4,127
Jan-Mar 2018 4,098
Apr-Jun 2018 4,185
Jul-Sep 2018 4,323
Oct-Dec 2018 4,283
Jan-Mar 2019 4,284
Apr-Jun 2019 4,534
Jul-Sep 2019 5,134
Oct-Dec 2019 5,280
Jan-Mar 2020 4,957
Apr-Jun 2020 794
Jul-Sep 2020 1,617
Oct-Dec 2020 2,189
Jan-Mar 2021 1,067
Apr-Jun 2021 3,026
Jul-Sep 2021 3,712
Oct-Dec 2021 4,082
Jan - Mar 2022 3,984
Apr - Jun 2022 4,127
Jul - Sep 2022 4,257
Oct - Dec 2022 4,255
Jan - Mar 2023 4,234
Apr - Jun 2023 4,282
Jul - Sep 2023 4,520
Oct - Dec 2023 4,508

Oct - Dec 2023

4,508

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Offender management statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.


Prison type - male / female

Prisons count by male, female and children (under 18 years old) establishments.

Values:

  • Male: 106 prisons
  • Female: 12 prisons
  • Under 18: 4 prisons

For the source of this information and more details please refer to the publication: Prisons and their resettlement providers

Published: 24 January 2024.

February 2024


Prison type - public / private

Prisons count by ownership.

Values:

  • Public sector: 106 prisons
  • Private sector (contracted): 16 prisons

For the source of this information and more details please refer to the publication: Prisons and their resettlement providers

Published: 24 January 2024.

February 2024


Prison operational capacity

The operational capacity of a prison is the total number of prisoners that an establishment can hold taking into account control, security and the proper operation of the planned regime.

This measure reports the useable operational capacity of the estate, which is the sum of all establishments' operational capacity less an operating margin. Figures are taken on the last working Friday of June each year.

Period Prison operational capacity
Jun 2011 87,902
Jun 2012 90,106
Jun 2013 87,822
Jun 2014 86,489
Jun 2015 87,968
Jun 2016 87,170
Jun 2017 86,849
Jun 2018 86,491
Jun 2019 85,056
Jun 2020 81,749
Jun 2021 81,154
Jun 2022 82,759
Jun 2023 86,859

Jun 2023

86,859

Update 31 Dec 2023

At 31 Dec 2023 the useable operational capacity of the estate was 88,987.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Prison population statistics (annual) publication.

Publication date

Published: 12 January 2024.


Prison staff in post (bands 3-5)

The chart shows Band 3-5 prison officer staff (full time equivalent) at the end of each financial year.

Period Prison staff in post (bands 3-5)
March 2010 24,830
March 2011 24,369
March 2012 22,735
March 2013 21,506
March 2014 18,251
March 2015 18,222
March 2016 18,327
March 2017 18,359
March 2018 21,007
March 2019 22,594
March 2020 21,900
March 2021 21,879
March 2022 21,935
March 2023 22,218
March 2024 23,614

March 2024

23,614

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the HM Prison & Probation Service workforce quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 16 May 2024. Next publication: 15 August 2024 9:30am.


Safety and security

Crowding

Percentage of prisoners held in crowded accommodation.

Period Crowding
Apr 1998 to Mar 2099 20.0%
Apr 1999 to Mar 2000 20.1%
Apr 2000 to Mar 2001 18.2%
Apr 2001 to Mar 2002 19.2%
Apr 2002 to Mar 2003 23.3%
Apr 2003 to Mar 2004 24.8%
Apr 2004 to Mar 2005 24.3%
Apr 2005 to Mar 2006 24.0%
Apr 2006 to Mar 2007 24.6%
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 25.3%
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 25.3%
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 24.6%
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 24.2%
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 25.1%
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 23.9%
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 24.1%
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 25.5%
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 24.5%
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 24.5%
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 24.2%
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 22.5%
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 22.5%
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 20.2%
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 20.6%
Apr 2022 to Mar 2023 22.9%

Apr 2022 to Mar 2023

22.9%

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the HM Prison and Probation Service annual digest publication.

Publication date

Published: 15 February 2024.


Prisoner on prisoner assaults per 1,000 prisoners

Assaults in prison custody cover a wide range of violent incidents including fights between prisoners.

From time to time, events in prison custody and developments within and outside the Ministry of Justice have changed the safety in prisons is viewed and managed. Some have resulted in changes to the way offenders are managed, others have affected the way statistics are collected and reported.

Period Prisoner on prisoner assaults per 1,000 prisoners
Apr 2003 to Mar 2004 123
Apr 2004 to Mar 2005 131
Apr 2005 to Mar 2006 146
Apr 2006 to Mar 2007 144
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 154
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 153
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 142
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 134
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 134
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 130
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 138
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 152
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 195
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 227
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 262
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 277
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 250
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 140
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 163
Apr 2022 to Mar 2023 185

Apr 2022 to Mar 2023

185

Update Dec 2023

In the 12 months to Dec 2023 there were 211 prisoner on prisoner assaults per 1,000 prisoners.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Safety in custody statistics (quarterly) publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.


Assaults on staff per 1,000 prisoners

Assaults in prison custody cover a wide range of violent incidents including attacks on staff.

From time to time, events in prison custody and developments within and outside Ministry of Justice have changed the way safety in prisons is viewed and managed. Some have resulted in changes to the way offenders are managed, others have affected the way statistics are collected and reported.

Period Assaults on staff per 1,000 prisoners
Apr 2003 to Mar 2004 38
Apr 2004 to Mar 2005 42
Apr 2005 to Mar 2006 45
Apr 2006 to Mar 2007 43
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 40
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 39
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 36
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 34
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 34
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 35
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 40
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 46
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 63
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 84
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 106
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 117
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 109
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 89
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 97
Apr 2022 to Mar 2023 92

Apr 2022 to Mar 2023

92

Update Dec 2023

In the 12 months to Dec 2023 there were 108 assaults on staff per 1,000 prisoners.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Safety in custody statistics (quarterly) publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.


Self-harm incidents per 1,000 prisoners

Self-harm in prison covers a wide range of severity and type of incident, including cutting, overdose or hanging.

Period Self-harm incidents per 1,000 prisoners
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 278
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 312
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 297
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 310
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 267
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 266
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 278
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 320
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 404
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 474
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 549
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 700
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 768
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 660
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 684
Apr 2022 to Mar 2023 733

Apr 2022 to Mar 2023

733

Update Dec 2023

In the 12 months to Dec 2023 there were 829 self-harm incidents per 1,000 prisoners.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Safety in custody statistics (quarterly) publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.


Self inflicted deaths

The number of self inflicted deaths in prisons.

Period Self inflicted deaths
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 54
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 67
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 63
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 90
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 79
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 103
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 116
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 74
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 88
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 83
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 80
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 79
Apr 2022 to Mar 2023 85
Apr 2023 to Mar 2024 85

Apr 2023 to Mar 2024

85

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Safety in custody statistics (quarterly) publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.


Random mandatory drug testing (traditional drugs)

The percentage of random mandatory drug tests which show drugs to be present, hence a downward trend is positive. This measure excludes tests for new psychoactive substances.

The values for 2018/19 onwards are calculated using a new weighted methodology - please refer to the HMPPS Annual Digest 2018 to 2019 for more details.

Period Random mandatory drug testing (traditional drugs)
Apr 1998 to Mar 1999 18.1 %
Apr 1999 to Mar 2000 14.4 %
Apr 2000 to Mar 2001 12.0 %
Apr 2001 to Mar 2002 11.4 %
Apr 2002 to Mar 2003 11.4 %
Apr 2003 to Mar 2004 12.3 %
Apr 2004 to Mar 2005 11.8 %
Apr 2005 to Mar 2006 10.3 %
Apr 2006 to Mar 2007 8.8 %
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 9.1 %
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 7.7 %
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 7.8 %
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 7.1 %
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 7.0 %
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 7.2 %
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 7.5 %
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 7.0 %
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 7.8 %
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 9.3 %
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 10.9 %
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 10.4 %
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 10.5 %

Apr 2019 to Mar 2020

10.5 %

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the HM Prison and Probation Service annual digest publication.

Publication date

Published: 15 February 2024.


Barricades or prevention of access

The number of incidents where one or more offenders deny access to all or part of a prison to those lawfully empowered to have such access, by use of a physical barrier.

Period Barricades or prevention of access
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 521
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 524
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 446
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 430
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 554
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 475
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 669
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 929
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 1,229
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 1,320
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 1,406
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 1,737
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 1,882
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 1,217
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 1,273
Apr 2022 to Mar 2023 1,372

Apr 2022 to Mar 2023

1,372

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the HM Prison and Probation Service annual digest publication.

Publication date

Published: 15 February 2024.


Risk management audit

An announced audit to determine how effectively the prison is assessing and managing risks of violence and self-harm.

The risk management audit is carried out approximately every three years. The data presented here shows the most recent assessment for each prison establishment.

The summary percentage is based on audits published internally by HMPPS. The annual prison performance ratings publication includes audits which had not been published when it was released and were therefore suppressed from the data tables. Including these suppressed scores, the overall percentage of prisons scoring a 3 or 4 is 53.3%

Values:

  • Rating 1: 1 prisons
  • Rating 2: 35 prisons
  • Rating 3: 36 prisons
  • Rating 4: 5 prisons

For the source of this information and more details please refer to the publication: Prison performance ratings (annual)

Rating 4


Escapes from prison establishments and escorts

A prisoner escapes from prison if they unlawfully gain their liberty (for 15 minutes or more) by breaching the secure perimeter of a closed prison, or if during prison staff escort, overcome the control of escorting staff and leave the escort, the van or the building (hospital etc.). Those who escape for less than 15 minutes and commit an offence are also recorded as an escape.

Escapes are monitored to analyse the frequency across the estate and identify any trends nationally, also taking into consideration the management of risk to the public.

This total consists of escapes from establishments, HMPPS escorts, contractor escorts and includes escapes by Category A prisoners. For a further breakdown please see the HM Prison and Probation Service annual digest.

Period Escapes from prison establishments and escorts
Apr 1995 to Mar 1996 125
Apr 1996 to Mar 1997 131
Apr 1997 to Mar 1998 105
Apr 1998 to Mar 1999 90
Apr 1999 to Mar 2000 97
Apr 2000 to Mar 2001 77
Apr 2001 to Mar 2002 66
Apr 2002 to Mar 2003 51
Apr 2003 to Mar 2004 49
Apr 2004 to Mar 2005 48
Apr 2005 to Mar 2006 28
Apr 2006 to Mar 2007 27
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 22
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 20
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 17
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 12
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 18
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 11
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 13
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 13
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 13
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 15
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 13
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 9
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 16
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 5
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 12
Apr 2022 to Mar 2023 8

Apr 2022 to Mar 2023

8

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the HM Prison and Probation Service annual digest publication.

Publication date

Published: 15 February 2024.


Absconds

An abscond is an escape that does not involve overcoming a physical security restraint such as that provided by a wall or fence, locks, bolts or bars, a secure vehicle, handcuffs or the direct supervision of staff.

Absconds are monitored to analyse the frequency across the open estate and identify any trends nationally also taking into consideration, the management of risk to the public. It is only possible to abscond from open prison conditions.

Period Absconds
Apr 1995 to Mar 1996 956
Apr 1996 to Mar 1997 1,115
Apr 1997 to Mar 1998 1,056
Apr 1998 to Mar 1999 965
Apr 1999 to Mar 2000 907
Apr 2000 to Mar 2001 787
Apr 2001 to Mar 2002 781
Apr 2002 to Mar 2003 947
Apr 2003 to Mar 2004 1,301
Apr 2004 to Mar 2005 870
Apr 2005 to Mar 2006 709
Apr 2006 to Mar 2007 553
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 511
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 361
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 269
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 235
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 175
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 204
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 225
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 181
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 105
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 86
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 139
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 117
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 143
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 101
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 95
Apr 2022 to Mar 2023 63

Apr 2022 to Mar 2023

63

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the HM Prison and Probation Service annual digest publication.

Publication date

Published: 15 February 2024.


Security audit

An internal audit that assesses, on a four point scale, the level to which effective security procedures are adhered to within each prison.

There is no structured frequency for how often the security audit takes place, with the exception of long term high security prison establishments which are audited annually. The data presented here shows the most recent assessment for each prison establishment.

The summary percentage is based on audits published internally by HMPPS. The annual prison performance ratings publication includes audits which had not been published when it was released and were therefore suppressed from the data tables. Including these suppressed scores, the overall percentage of prisons scoring a 3 or 4 is 85.8%

Values:

  • Rating 1: 7 prisons
  • Rating 2: 16 prisons
  • Rating 3: 57 prisons
  • Rating 4: 37 prisons

For the source of this information and more details please refer to the publication: Prison performance ratings (annual)

Published: 27 July 2023. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.

Rating 4


Community management

Electronic monitoring caseload

Total caseload.

Period Electronic monitoring caseload
31 March 2017 11,490
31 March 2018 11,205
31 March 2019 10,771
31 March 2020 10,422
31 March 2021 13,996
31 March 2022 15,394
31 March 2023 17,350
31 March 2024 20,084

31 March 2024

20,084

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Electronic Monitoring Statistics Publication (quarterly) publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024.


Probation caseload

The statistics count each person once for each type of probation supervision being received on the date shown. In addition, each person is counted once only in each total or sub-total even if they are subject to several types of probation supervision on the date shown. For example, if a person is subject to both a community order and a Supervision Default Order on the date shown, then the person would be counted once only within the overall total for all supervision.

Period Probation caseload
30 Jun 2010 239,041
30 Jun 2011 236,154
30 Jun 2012 230,736
30 Jun 2013 219,548
30 Jun 2014 217,866
30 Jun 2015 228,844
30 Jun 2016 258,748
30 Jun 2017 262,347
30 Sep 2017 265,047
31 Dec 2017 264,649
31 Mar 2018 262,758
30 Jun 2018 261,196
30 Sep 2018 258,157
31 Dec 2018 256,010
31 Mar 2019 255,264
30 Jun 2019 254,165
30 Sep 2019 252,197
31 Dec 2019 247,759
31 Mar 2020 241,350
30 Jun 2020 224,587
30 Sep 2020 222,657
31 Dec 2020 223,973
31 Mar 2021 224,174
30 Jun 2021 230,578
30 Sep 2021 234,827
31 Dec 2021 238,500
31 Mar 2022 240,922
30 Jun 2022 243,127
30 Sep 2022 240,674
31 Dec 2022 240,431
31 Mar 2023 239,518
30 Jun 2023 238,264
30 Sep 2023 238,163
31 Dec 2023 238,765

31 Dec 2023

238,765

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Offender management statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.


Staff in post (Probation Service)

Full time equivalent staff in post for the Probation Service (PS) at the end of each financial year. (Workforce data for private sector Community Rehabilitation Companies is not published).

During November and December 2019, over 1,200 PS staff moved to the Community and Interventions directorate, part of HMPPS HQ and areas services. In the same quarter, over 300 staff in Wales were transferred from privately run CRCs to HMPPS, into the new "PS Wales UM transition".

In late June 2021, more than 7,000 staff from private sector Community Rehabilitation Companies (CRC) came together with probation staff already in the public sector in the new Probation Service.

Period Staff in post (Probation Service)
March 2015 8,733
March 2016 8,835
March 2017 8,616
March 2018 9,261
March 2019 9,844
March 2020 10,224
March 2021 10,897
March 2022 17,551
March 2023 19,740
March 2024 20,412

March 2024

20,412

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the HM Prison & Probation Service workforce quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 16 May 2024. Next publication: 15 August 2024 9:30am.


Serious further offence convictions

SFO conviction figures are reported by the date of SFO notification. This is the date on which the supervising probation region notifies HM Prison and Probation Service (HMPPS) that an offender under its supervision has appeared in court charged with an offence which qualifies for an SFO review.

Period Serious further offence convictions
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 260
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 253
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 269
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 274
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 254
Apr 2015 Mar 2016 302
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 348
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 357
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 346
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 323
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 268
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022 288

Apr 2021 - Mar 2022

288

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Proven reoffending statistics (quarterly) publication.

Publication date

Published: 25 April 2024. Next publication: 25 July 2024 9:30am.