Prisons data

The government is reforming the way prisons work in order to improve how they protect the public, keep staff and prisoners safe, and help offenders turn away from crime. To do this we are holding prison governors to account for improvements in the following areas:


To protect the public, prisons must hold prisoners securely. This not only prevents further offences being committed, but is an important foundation for the wider work of prisons in reforming offenders.

Explore published data in public protection

YearEscapes
2016/177
2015/165
2014/151
2013/144
2012/131
2011/124
2010/112
2009/105
2008/095
2007/086
2006/078
2005/0611
2004/0520
2003/0416
2002/0317
2001/0226
2000/0119
1999/0038
1998/9935
1997/9833
1996/9753
1995/9688
YearAbsconds
2016/1786
2015/16105
2014/15181
2013/14225
2012/13204
2011/12175
2010/11235
2009/10269
2008/09361
2007/08511
2006/07553
2005/06709
2004/05870
2003/041,301
2002/03947
2001/02781
2000/01787
1999/00907
1998/99965
1997/981,056
1996/971,115
1995/96956

Prisons need to be and feel safe for both staff and prisoners. Violent incidents are the most obvious issue, but this is also about wider culture and atmosphere of the prison and the support it provides to vulnerable prisoners.

Explore published data in safety & order

YearPrisoner on prisoner assaults per 1,000 prisoners
2016-17227
2015-16195
2014-15152
2013-14138
2012-13130
2011-12144
2010-11134
2009-10142
2008-09153
2007-08154
2006-07144
2005-06146
2004-05131
2003-04123
YearAssaults on staff per 1,000 prisoners
2016-1784
2015-1663
2014-1546
2013-1440
2012-1335
2011-1236
2010-1134
2009-1036
2008-0939
2007-0840
2006-0743
2005-0645
2004-0542
2003-0438

To reform offenders, we need to be sure they are being given the right services and opportunities across the different areas we know support rehabilitation and help prevent a return to crime.

These include improving prisoners’ mental health and tackling substance misuse, improving prisoners’ progress in English and maths and increasing the numbers of offenders in employment and accommodation after release.

Explore published data in reform

YearRandom mandatory drug testing
2016/179.3% positive
2015/167.7% positive
2014/156.9% positive
2013/147.4% positive
2012/137% positive
2011/127% positive
2010/117.1% positive
2009/107.8% positive
2008/097.7% positive
2007/089.1% positive
2006/078.8% positive
2005/0610.3% positive
2004/0511.8% positive
2003/0412.3% positive
2002/0311.4% positive
2001/0211.4% positive
2000/0112% positive
1999/0014.4% positive
1998/9918.1% positive

Prisons need to support offenders to prepare for their release, working together with probation and with other services that support the transition through the gate.

Explore published data in life after prison

HMIP resettlement inspectionCount
Rating 422
Rating 354
Rating 239
Rating 15

Additional information on the safe, decent and secure running of the Prison Service.

Explore published data in additional data

YearPrison population
2016/1785,645
2015/1685,864
2014/1585,315
2013/1484,594
2012/1385,729
2011/1286,638
2010/1184,920
2009/1083,971
2008/0982,830
2007/0880,676
2006/0778,880
2005/0676,564
2004/0574,808
2003/0473,658
2002/0371,498
2001/0267,633
2000/0164,680
1999/0065,153
1998/9965,346
1997/9863,373
1996/9756,671
1995/9651,613
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