Prisons data

The government is reforming the way prisons work in order to improve how they protect the public, keep staff and prisoners safe, and turn from crime. To do this we are holding prison governors to account for improvements in the following areas:


Prisons overview

Prison type - public / private

At February 2024 (source).

Prison type - male / female

At February 2024 (source).

Public prison staff

At 30 Jun 2023 (source). FTE = full time equivalent.


Prison population

Prison population by sex

At 30 Jun 2023 (source).

Prison population by age

At 30 Jun 2023 (source).


Prison population by offence

At 30 Jun 2023 (source).


To protect the public, prisons must hold prisoners securely. This not only prevents further offences being committed, but is an important foundation for the wider work of prisons in reforming offenders.

Escapes from prison establishments and escorts

8

Value for 2022-23. View time series for escapes from prison establishments and escorts

Absconds

63

Value for 2022-23. View time series for absconds

Temporary release failures

746

Value for 2022-23. View time series for temporary release failures

Prisons achieve rating 3 or 4 in security audit

80.3%

Value for Rating 4. View breakdown for security audit


Prisons need to be and feel safe for both staff and prisoners. Violent incidents are the most obvious issue, but this is also about wider culture and atmosphere of the prison and the support it provides to vulnerable prisoners.

Prisoner on prisoner assaults per 1,000 prisoners

185

Value for 2022-23. View time series for prisoner on prisoner assaults per 1,000 prisoners

Assaults on staff per 1,000 prisoners

92

Value for 2022-23. View time series for assaults on staff per 1,000 prisoners

Self-harm incidents per 1,000 prisoners

733

Value for 2022-23. View time series for self-harm incidents per 1,000 prisoners

Self inflicted deaths

85

Value for 2023-24. View time series for self inflicted deaths

Barricade or prevention of access incidents

1,372

Value for 2022-23. View time series for barricades or prevention of access

Hostage incidents

52

Value for 2022-23. View time series for hostage incidents

Concerted indiscipline incidents

190

Value for 2022-23. View time series for concerted indiscipline

Incidents at height

5,188

Value for 2022-23. View time series for incidents at height

Prisons achieve rating 3 or 4 in risk management audit

53.2%

Value for Rating 4. View breakdown for risk management audit


To reform offenders, we need to be sure they are being given the right services and opportunities across the different areas we know support rehabilitation and help prevent a return to crime.

These include improving prisoners’ mental health and tackling substance misuse, improving prisoners' progress in English and maths and increasing the numbers of offenders in employment and accommodation after release.

Positive random mandatory drug tests (traditional)

10.5 %

Value for 2019-20. View time series for random mandatory drug testing (traditional drugs)

Positive random mandatory drug tests for new psychoactive substances

4.3 %

Value for 2019-20. View time series for random mandatory drug testing - new psychoactive substances only

Prisoners completing treatment free from dependence

35.5%

Value for 2022-23. View time series for prisoners completing treatment free from dependence

Average prisoners working in prisons

12,500

Value for 2019-20. View time series for average prisoners working in prisons

Prisoner hours worked in industry (millions)

17.4

Value for 2019-20. View time series for prisoner hours worked in industry


Prisons need to support offenders to prepare for their release, working together with probation and with other services that support the transition through the gate.

Prisons achieve target for accommodation on the first night following release

17.3%

Value for Achieved target. View breakdown for accommodation on the first night following release

Prisons achieve target for employment at six weeks following release

4.0%

Value for Achieved target. View breakdown for employment at six weeks following release


Stock and flow statistics relating to offenders who are in prison.

Prison population

85,851

Value for 30-Jun-2023. View time series for prison population

Prison population - IPP

1,312

Value for 30-Jun-2023. View time series for prison population - IPP

Prison population - life sentence

7,202

Value for 30-Jun-2023. View time series for prison population - life sentence

Prison population - remand

15,523

Value for 30-Jun-2023. View time series for prison population - remand

Prison first receptions (quarterly)

17,242

Value for Oct-Dec 2023. View time series for prison first receptions (quarterly)

Prison releases (quarterly)

11,931

Value for Oct-Dec 2023. View time series for prison releases (quarterly)

Individuals released on temporary licence

4,508

Value for Oct-Dec 2023. View time series for individuals released on temporary licence

Prison operational capacity

86,859

Value for Jun 2023. View time series for prison operational capacity


Additional information on the safe, decent and secure running of the prison service.

Prisons with a performance rating of "acceptable"

63.0%

Value for 1 - Performance of serious concern. View breakdown for annual prison performance ratings

Prisoners held in crowded accommodation

22.9%

Value for 2022-23. View time series for crowding

Releases in error

71

Value for 2022-23. View time series for releases in error

Prison staff in post

23,614

Value for March 2024. View time series for prison staff in post (bands 3-5)

Average working days lost to sickness

11.8 days

Value for 2023-24. View time series for staff sickness (prisons)