Courts data

HM Courts & Tribunal Service (HMCTS) is responsible for the administration of the criminal, civil and family courts in England and Wales, tribunals in England, and non-devolved tribunals in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

HMCTS is an executive agency, sponsored by the Ministry of Justice (MOJ). The Ministry of Justice publishes the official statistics relating to the operation of the criminal and civil justice systems, including courts and tribunals. These are published on a quarterly basis and are the best, most comprehensive figures on this topic for most purposes.


Courts data overview

Magistrates' courts trials

Jan-Dec 2022 (source).

Crown court trials

Jan-Dec 2022 (source).


Civil courts claims

Jan-Dec 2022 (source).

Family court cases starting

Jan-Dec 2022 (source). All Adoption Act Data for 2022 is not available. Please refer to the relevant publication for further explanations of these categories.


Tribunals receipts overview

Social Security and Child Support

30.6%

Employment
Tribunal

38.7%

FTTIAC

8.6%

Other

22.1%

Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 (source). Data for 2021/22 is not available.


Virtually all criminal court cases in England and Wales start in a magistrates' court. The less serious offences (summary and some triable either-way) are handled entirely in magistrates' courts.

More serious offences (triable either-way or indictable only) are passed via the magistrates' court on to the Crown Court, either for sentencing after the defendant has been found guilty or for a trial with a judge and jury. The Crown Court also receives appeals against decisions of the magistrates' courts.

The magistrates' court is the first tier of criminal courts in England and Wales and is presided over by three ‘Justices of the Peace’ (known as lay magistrates) or by a district judge.

The Crown Court is a single entity that sits at various court centres across England and Wales, it predominately deals with serious criminal cases. Unlike the magistrates' court, trials in the Crown Court have a jury to determine the guilt of defendants and a judge which can impose tougher sentences.

See criminal court statistics at MOJ for further information.

Magistrates' courts receipts

1,252,321

Value for 2022. View time series for magistrates' courts receipts

Magistrates' courts disposals

1,266,297

Value for 2022. View time series for magistrates' courts disposals

Magistrates' courts outstanding

343,273

Value for 31 Dec 2022. View time series for magistrates' courts outstanding

Magistrates' courts total number of trials

88,804

Value for 2022. View time series for magistrates' courts total number of trials

Magistrates' courts effective trials

40%

Value for 2022. View time series for magistrates' courts effective trials

Magistrates' courts cracked trials

38%

Value for 2022. View time series for magistrates' courts cracked trials

Magistrates' courts ineffective trials

22%

Value for 2022. View time series for magistrates' courts ineffective trials

Crown court receipts

96,403

Value for 2022. View time series for crown court receipts

Crown court disposals

91,657

Value for 2022. View time series for crown court disposals

Crown court outstanding

62,485

Value for 31 Dec 2022. View time series for crown court outstanding

Crown court total number of trials

26,306

Value for 2022. View time series for crown court total number of trials

Crown courts effective trials

37%

Value for 2022. View time series for crown courts effective trials

Crown courts cracked trials

26%

Value for 2022. View time series for crown courts cracked trials

Crown courts ineffective trials

37%

Value for 2022. View time series for crown courts ineffective trials


Civil cases are those that do not involve family matters or failure to pay council tax. Civil cases are mainly dealt with by county courts and typically relate to debt (these generally being issued for a specified amount of money), the repossession of property, personal injury (these generally being issued for an unspecified amount of money), the return of goods and insolvency. Particularly important, complex or substantial cases are instead dealt with in the High Court.

See civil justice statistics at MOJ for further information.

Civil courts - total claims

1,538,846

Value for 2022. View time series for civil courts - total claims

Civil courts - claims defended

249,595

Value for 2022. View time series for civil courts - claims defended

Civil courts - claims allocated to track

159,277

Value for 2022. View time series for civil courts - claims allocated to track

Civil courts - claims gone to trial

53,664

Value for 2022. View time series for civil courts - claims gone to trial

Civil courts - total judgments

901,278

Value for 2022. View time series for civil courts - total judgments


Family law is the area of law that deals with:

  • Public law - local authority intervention to protect children;
  • Private law - parental disputes concerning the upbringing of children;
  • Matrimonial cases - divorces, annulments and separations;
  • Financial remedy (formerly known as 'ancillary relief') - financial provisions after divorce or relationship breakdown;
  • Domestic violence remedy orders;
  • Forced marriage protection orders;
  • Female genital mutilation protection orders;
  • Adoption;
  • The Mental Capacity Act; and
  • Probate

See family court statistics at MOJ for further information.

These measures show the annual total number of cases starting in family courts in England and Wales.

Family court - total cases started

-

Value for 2022. View time series for family court - total cases started

Family court - total cases disposed

204,538

Value for 2022. View time series for family court - total cases disposed

Children Act - public law

16,384

Value for 2022. View time series for children act - public law

Children Act - private law

52,220

Value for 2022. View time series for children act - private law

Matrimonial matters

122,653

Value for 2022. View time series for matrimonial matters

Financial remedies

38,157

Value for 2022. View time series for financial remedies

Domestic violence remedy orders

31,062

Value for 2022. View time series for domestic violence remedy orders

Forced marriage protection

248

Value for 2022. View time series for forced marriage protection

Female genital mutilation protection

53

Value for 2022. View time series for female genital mutilation protection

All Adoption Act

-

Value for 2022. View time series for all adoption act

Applications made under the Mental Capacity Act 2005

33,571

Value for 2022. View time series for applications made under the mental capacity act 2005

Probate service - applications for grants of representation

292,303

Value for 2022. View time series for probate service - applications for grants of representation

Office of the Public Guardian - total power of attorney applications registered

851,795

Value for 2022. View time series for office of the public guardian - total power of attorney applications registered


Tribunals are specialist judicial bodies which decide disputes in particular areas of law. Appeals to tribunals are generally against a decision made by a government department or agency. The main exception to this is the employment tribunal where cases are on a party v party basis (specifically, employee versus employer). There are tribunals in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland covering a wide range of areas affecting day-to-day life. His Majesty’s Courts & Tribunals Service (HMCTS) administers many of them although some are the responsibility of the devolved governments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

These measures show the annual total number of tribunals receipts by jurisdiction.

See tribunals statistics at MOJ for further information.

Tribunals receipts - overall

351,173

Value for 2022/23. View time series for tribunals receipts - overall

Tribunals disposals - overall

297,378

Value for 2022/23. View time series for tribunals disposals - overall

First Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)

37,773

Value for 2022/23. View time series for first tier tribunal (immigration and asylum chamber)

Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)

2,359

Value for 2020/21. View time series for upper tribunal (immigration and asylum chamber)

UTIAC judicial reviews

2,320

Value for 2022/23. View time series for UTIAC judicial reviews

Employment tribunals

85,301

Value for 2022/23. View time series for employment tribunals

Employment tribunals disposals

70,933

Value for 2022/23. View time series for employment tribunals disposals

Social security and child support

137,212

Value for 2022/23. View time series for social security and child support

Mental health

30,660

Value for 2022/23. View time series for mental health

Special tribunals

54,643

Value for 2022/23. View time series for special tribunals