Justice in numbers

Reduce reoffending


Reoffending

Proven reoffending rate

Proportion of all offenders who reoffend (%).

This latest offender cohort period coincides with a period of both national and regional lockdowns imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, the associated reoffending follow-up and waiting periods for this cohort overlap with varying degrees of operational restrictions. As a result, volatility continues to be seen in the reoffending figures.

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Period Proven reoffending rate
Apr-Jun 2009 30.7%
Jul-Sep 2009 30.9%
Oct-Dec 2009 31.0%
Jan-Mar 2010 31.3%
Apr-Jun 2010 31.3%
Jul-Sep 2010 31.5%
Oct-Dec 2010 31.7%
Jan-Mar 2011 31.8%
Apr-Jun 2011 31.8%
Jul-Sep 2011 31.6%
Oct-Dec 2011 30.9%
Jan-Mar 2012 30.8%
Apr-Jun 2012 30.8%
Jul-Sep 2012 30.8%
Oct-Dec 2012 30.8%
Jan-Mar 2013 31.3%
Apr-Jun 2013 31.7%
Jul-Sep 2013 31.5%
Oct-Dec 2013 30.7%
Jan-Mar 2014 30.6%
Apr-Jun 2014 30.5%
Jul-Sep 2014 30.3%
Oct-Dec 2014 29.8%
Jan-Mar 2015 29.4%
Apr-Jun 2015 29.5%
Jul-Sep 2015 29.2%
Oct-Dec 2015 29.6%
Jan-Mar 2016 29.6%
Apr-Jun 2016 29.4%
Jul-Sep 2016 29.5%
Oct-Dec 2016 29.4%
Jan-Mar 2017 29.2%
Apr-Jun 2017 29.8%
Jul-Sep 2017 29.3%
Oct-Dec 2017 28.8%
Jan-Mar 2018 28.7%
Apr-Jun 2018 28.8%
Jul-Sep 2018 28.6%
Oct-Dec 2018 28.1%
Jan-Mar 2019 26.7%
Apr-Jun 2019 26.3%
Jul-Sep 2019 26.0%
Oct-Dec 2019 25.2%
Jan-Mar 2020 24.7%
Apr-Jun 2020 29.0%
Jul-Sep 2020 23.5%
Oct-Dec 2020 23.1%

Oct-Dec 2020 23.1%

Data source Proven reoffending statistics (quarterly)

Published: 27 October 2022. Next publication: 26 January 2023 9:30am.


Rehabilitation and reintegration

Housed on release from custody (SL014)

The proportion of individuals in settled or temporary accommodation on the night of release from custody.

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Period Housed on release from custody (SL014)
Apr-Jun 2021
Jul-Sep 2021 67.7%
Oct-Dec 2021 76.4%
Jan-Mar 2022 77.6%

Jan-Mar 2022 77.6%

Data source Community performance annual

Published: 26 August 2022.


Settled accommodation at 3 months post release from custody (SL015a)

The proportion of individuals in settled accommodation at three months post release for custodial sentences

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Period Settled accommodation at 3 months post release from custody (SL015a)
Apr-Jun 2021
Jul-Sep 2021 67.8%
Oct-Dec 2021 67.9%
Jan-Mar 2022 71.0%

Jan-Mar 2022 71.0%

Data source Community performance annual

Published: 26 August 2022.


Settled accommodation at 3 months post community (SL015b)

The proportion of individuals in settled accommodation at three months post disposal for community sentences

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Period Settled accommodation at 3 months post community (SL015b)
Apr-Jun 2021
Jul-Sep 2021 74.9%
Oct-Dec 2021 78.7%
Jan-Mar 2022 80.8%

Jan-Mar 2022 80.8%

Data source Community performance annual

Published: 26 August 2022.


Employed at 6 weeks post release from custody (SL016)

The proportion of individuals in employment at six weeks after release from custody.

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Period Employed at 6 weeks post release from custody (SL016)
Apr-Jun 2021
Jul-Sep 2021 9.7%
Oct-Dec 2021 11.9%
Jan-Mar 2022 12.7%

Jan-Mar 2022 12.7%

Data source Community performance annual

Published: 26 August 2022.


Employed at 6 months post release from custody (SL017a)

The proportion of individuals in employment at six months post release for custodial sentences

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Period Employed at 6 months post release from custody (SL017a)
Apr-Jun 2021
Jul-Sep 2021 12.4%
Oct-Dec 2021 16.6%
Jan-Mar 2022 19.8%

Jan-Mar 2022 19.8%

Data source Community performance annual

Published: 26 August 2022.


Employed at 6 months post community disposal (SL017b)

The proportion of individuals in employment at six months post disposal for community sentences.

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Period Employed at 6 months post community disposal (SL017b)
Apr-Jun 2021
Jul-Sep 2021 32.3%
Oct-Dec 2021 36.2%
Jan-Mar 2022 38.9%

Jan-Mar 2022 38.9%

Data source Community performance annual

Published: 26 August 2022.


Substance dependency

Random mandatory drug testing (traditional drugs)

The percentage of random mandatory drug tests which show drugs to be present, hence a downward trend is positive. This measure excludes tests for new psychoactive substances.

The values for 2018/19 onwards are calculated using a new weighted methodology - please refer to the relevant publication for more details.

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Period Random mandatory drug testing (traditional drugs)
Apr 1998 to Mar 1999 18.1 %
Apr 1999 to Mar 2000 14.4 %
Apr 2000 to Mar 2001 12.0 %
Apr 2001 to Mar 2002 11.4 %
Apr 2002 to Mar 2003 11.4 %
Apr 2003 to Mar 2004 12.3 %
Apr 2004 to Mar 2005 11.8 %
Apr 2005 to Mar 2006 10.3 %
Apr 2006 to Mar 2007 8.8 %
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 9.1 %
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 7.7 %
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 7.8 %
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 7.1 %
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 7.0 %
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 7.2 %
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 7.5 %
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 7.0 %
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 7.8 %
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 9.3 %
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 10.9 %
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 10.4 %
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 10.5 %

Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 10.5 %

Data source HM Prison and Probation Service annual digest

Published: 28 July 2022.


Random mandatory drug testing - new psychoactive substances only

The percentage of random mandatory drug tests which show drugs to be present, hence a downward trend is positive. This measure includes tests for new psychoactive substances ("NPS"), as defined in the Psychoactive Substances Act 2016.

Note this measure replaces "random mandatory drug testing including new psychoactive substances"

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Period Random mandatory drug testing - new psychoactive substances only
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 12.9 %
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 9.0 %
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 4.3 %

Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 4.3 %

Data source HM Prison and Probation Service annual digest

Published: 28 July 2022.


Prisoners completing treatment free from dependence

The percentage of adults exiting treatment free from dependence on drugs or alcohol.

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Period Prisoners completing treatment free from dependence
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 22.9%
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 27.0%
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 29.7%
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 27.2%
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 26.3%
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 32.5%

Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 32.5%

Data source Alcohol and drug treatment statistics: prisons and secure settings (annual)

Published: 27 January 2022.