To reform offenders, we need to be sure they are being given the right services and opportunities across the different areas we know support rehabilitation and help prevent a return to crime.

These include improving prisoners’ mental health and tackling substance misuse, improving prisoners’ progress in English and maths and increasing the numbers of offenders in employment and accommodation after release.

Audits and inspections are reported on a 4-point scale, from 1 (lowest rating) to 4 (highest rating). HMIP inspections are up to date as of September 2017. Other measures have data for financial years up to March 2017, and where available, additional notes on the first half of 2017/18.

Visit prisons and probation statistics for data sources and more details.

Random mandatory drug testing

The percentage of random mandatory drug tests which show drugs to be present, hence a downward trend is positive.

Excludes tests for so-called "legal highs" (new psychoactive substances).

Random mandatory drug testing detail

YearRandom mandatory drug testing
2016/179.3% positive
2015/167.7% positive
2014/156.9% positive
2013/147.4% positive
2012/137% positive
2011/127% positive
2010/117.1% positive
2009/107.8% positive
2008/097.7% positive
2007/089.1% positive
2006/078.8% positive
2005/0610.3% positive
2004/0511.8% positive
2003/0412.3% positive
2002/0311.4% positive
2001/0211.4% positive
2000/0112% positive
1999/0014.4% positive
1998/9918.1% positive

Prisoners working

Applicable prisons are required to fulfil an agreed number of work hours for their prisoners. This measure is the actual hours worked as a percentage of the agreed number of hours.

The bar chart shows the total number of hours worked in public sector prisons; and the detailed view shows the percentage of prisoners working in public sector prisons and IRCs.

Prisoners working detail

YearPrisoners working
2016/179400 hours
2015/169300 hours
2014/158700 hours
2013/148400 hours
2012/138300 hours
2011/127500 hours
2010/117500 hours

Accredited programme completions

Accreditation is a system for ensuring treatment programmes offered to offenders, which aim to reduce reoffending, have a proper theoretical basis, and are designed in accordance with the "What Works" literature. To achieve accreditation via the Correctional Services Accreditation and Advisory Panel, programmes must be assessed to make sure they are targeting the right people, focusing on the right things, and being delivered in a way that is most likely to reduce reoffending.

Responsibility for delivering substance misuse programmes transferred from HMPPS to the NHS from 2011 and accounts for much of the decrease in overall completions of offender behaviour programmes over the time series.

Programmes offered in custody include domestic violence, general offending, sexual offending, substance misuse, violence, extremism and gang affiliated offending

Accredited programme completions detail

YearAccredited programme completions

Offender management audit

An internal audit that assesses, on a four point scale, the level to which prisons are delivering effective offender management and processes relating to offender management.

Offender management audit detail

Offender management auditCount
Rating 417
Rating 353
Rating 237
Rating 17

HMIP respect inspection

An independent assessment by HMIP of the level to which prisoners are treated with respect for their human dignity.

HMIP respect inspection detail

HMIP respect inspectionCount
Rating 424
Rating 356
Rating 239
Rating 11

HMIP purposeful activity inspection

An independent assessment by HMIP of the level to which prisoners are able, and expected, to engage in activity that is likely to benefit them.

HMIP purposeful activity inspection detail

HMIP purposeful activity inspectionCount
Rating 427
Rating 338
Rating 245
Rating 110

MQPL decency audit

The MQPL survey of prisoners' perceptions is a validated way of gauging the quality of Decency and Safety, which are vital business aims but difficult to define and measure by other means.

Questionnaire scores are made more meaningful by comparing them to what might typically be expected from prisons of a similar type, but the comparison should not be judged at face value without reference to the specific context of the prison in question.

MQPL decency audit detail

MQPL decency auditCount
Rating 49
Rating 380
Rating 220
Rating 18
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