Reform

To reform offenders, we need to be sure they are being given the right services and opportunities across the different areas we know support rehabilitation and help prevent a return to crime.

These include improving prisoners’ mental health and tackling substance misuse, improving prisoners’ progress in English and maths and increasing the numbers of offenders in employment and accommodation after release.

Audits and inspections are reported on a 4-point scale, from 1 (lowest rating) to 4 (highest rating).

Visit prisons and probation statistics for data sources and more details.


The percentage of random mandatory drug tests which show drugs to be present, hence a downward trend is positive.

Excludes tests for so-called "legal highs" (new psychoactive substances).

YearRandom mandatory drug testing
2017-1810.6%
2016-179.3%
2015-167.7%
2014-156.9%
2013-147.4%
2012-137.0%
2011-127.0%
2010-117.1%
2009-107.8%
2008-097.7%
2007-089.1%
2006-078.8%
2005-0610.3%
2004-0511.8%
2003-0412.3%
2002-0311.4%
2001-0211.4%
2000-0112.0%
1999-0014.4%
1998-9918.1%

Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 10.6%

Random mandatory drug testing detail


Applicable prisons are required to fulfil an agreed number of work hours for their prisoners. This measure is the actual hours worked as a percentage of the agreed number of hours.

The bar chart shows the total number of hours worked, in millions; and the detailed view shows the percentage of prisoners working in public sector prisons and IRCs.

YearPrisoners working
2017-1817.2
2016-1716.0
2015-1616.0
2014-1515.1
2013-1413.9
2012-1312.7

Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 17.2

Prisoners working detail


Accreditation is a system for ensuring treatment programmes offered to offenders, which aim to reduce reoffending, have a proper theoretical basis, and are designed in accordance with the "What Works" literature. To achieve accreditation via the Correctional Services Accreditation and Advisory Panel, programmes must be assessed to make sure they are targeting the right people, focusing on the right things, and being delivered in a way that is most likely to reduce reoffending.

Responsibility for delivering substance misuse programmes transferred from HMPPS to the NHS from 2011 and accounts for much of the decrease in overall completions of offender behaviour programmes over the time series.

Programmes offered in custody include domestic violence, general offending, sexual offending, substance misuse, violence, extremism and gang affiliated offending

YearAccredited programme completions
2017-185,354
2016-176,960
2015-167,057
2014-157,591
2013-148,016
2012-1311,116
2011-1214,801
2010-1115,916
2009-1016,099

Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 5,354

Accredited programme completions detail


An independent assessment by HMIP of the level to which prisoners are treated with respect for their human dignity.

HMIP respect inspection detail

2017-18

HMIP respect inspectionCount
Rating 423
Rating 358
Rating 236
Rating 11

An independent assessment by HMIP of the level to which prisoners are able, and expected, to engage in activity that is likely to benefit them.

HMIP purposeful activity inspection detail

2017-18

HMIP purposeful activity inspectionCount
Rating 424
Rating 337
Rating 247
Rating 110

The MQPL survey of prisoners' perceptions is a validated way of gauging the quality of Decency and Safety, which are vital business aims but difficult to define and measure by other means.

Questionnaire scores are made more meaningful by comparing them to what might typically be expected from prisons of a similar type, but the comparison should not be judged at face value without reference to the specific context of the prison in question.

MQPL decency audit detail

2017-18

MQPL decency auditCount
Rating 419
Rating 368
Rating 227
Rating 14
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