Offender management

Stock and flow statistics relating to offenders who are in prison.

Offender management statistics are published quarterly and annually, and the time periods used below reflect this.

Visit prisons and probation statistics for data sources and more details. There is also a guide to offender management statistics (PDF; July 2018).


Total number of prisoners at a specific point in time each year.

YearPrison population
30-Jun-201882,773
30-Jun-201785,863
30-Jun-201685,134
30-Jun-201586,193
30-Jun-201485,509
30-Jun-201383,842
30-Jun-201286,048
30-Jun-201185,374
30-Jun-201085,002
30-Jun-200983,391
30-Jun-200883,194
30-Jun-200779,734
30-Jun-200677,982
30-Jun-200576,190
30-Jun-200474,488
30-Jun-200373,657
30-Jun-200271,218

30-Jun-2018 82,773

The prison population at 31 Dec 2018 was 82,236.

Prison population detail


Population - IPP

Indeterminate Sentence for Public Protection.

YearPopulation - IPP
30-Jun-20182,745
30-Jun-20173,353
30-Jun-20163,998
30-Jun-20154,614
30-Jun-20145,119
30-Jun-20135,618
30-Jun-20126,078
30-Jun-20116,056
30-Jun-20105,659
30-Jun-20095,240
30-Jun-20084,461
30-Jun-20072,859
30-Jun-20061,079
30-Jun-200524

30-Jun-2018 2,745

The number of unreleased IPP prisoners at 31 Dec 2018 was 2,489.


Population - life sentence

Life sentences (all variations).

YearPopulation - life sentence
30-Jun-20187,117
30-Jun-20177,247
30-Jun-20167,361
30-Jun-20157,439
30-Jun-20147,468
30-Jun-20137,564
30-Jun-20127,676
30-Jun-20117,588
30-Jun-20107,475
30-Jun-20096,942
30-Jun-20086,922
30-Jun-20076,622
30-Jun-20066,195
30-Jun-20055,858
30-Jun-20045,595
30-Jun-20035,419
30-Jun-20025,146

30-Jun-2018 7,117

The number of unreleased life sentence prisoners at 31 Dec 2018 was 7,083.


A first reception is a measure which counts a prisoner's first movement into custody following a court hearing for a particular set of offences committed, and therefore gives the best indication of the number of new prisoners in the reporting period.

YearFirst receptions (quarterly)
Jul-Sep 201818,974
Apr-Jun 201819,330
Jan-Mar 201819,927
Oct-Dec 201719,989
Jul-Sep 201721,335
Apr-Jun 201721,236
Jan-Mar 201721,357
Oct-Dec 201620,719
Jul-Sep 201621,732
Apr-Jun 201621,707
Jan-Mar 201622,100
Oct-Dec 201522,567
Jul-Sep 201522,958
Apr-Jun 201523,683
Jan-Mar 201524,514

A release is defined as a release from prison where the prisoner has finished serving the custodial term of their sentence(s) and excludes:

  • civil non-criminal prisoners
  • persons committed to custody for non-payment of a fine
  • releases to hospital
  • deported prisoners from HMPPS operated Immigration Removal Centres (IRCs)
  • releases following recall after release on licence, except occasions:
    • where the offender has committed a new offence and is committed to custody for a new sentence and the subsequent release date falls after the sentence expiry date of the original sentence, or
    • where upon release the offender is subject to the licence condition of the new custodial sentence
YearReleases (quarterly)
Jul-Sep 201817,136
Apr-Jun 201817,369
Jan-Mar 201817,904
Oct-Dec 201718,196
Jul-Sep 201717,897
Apr-Jun 201717,763
Jan-Mar 201717,639
Oct-Dec 201618,361
Jul-Sep 201618,714
Apr-Jun 201618,562
Jan-Mar 201617,923
Oct-Dec 201519,348
Jul-Sep 201518,880
Apr-Jun 201518,526
Jan-Mar 201517,797

Jul-Sep 2018 17,136

Releases (quarterly) detail

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