Offender management

Stock and flow statistics relating to offenders who are in prison.

Visit prisons and probation statistics for data sources and more details. There is also a guide to offender management statistics (PDF; July 2018).


Total number of prisoners at a specific point in time each year.

YearPrison population
30-Jun-201982,710
30-Jun-201882,773
30-Jun-201785,863
30-Jun-201685,134
30-Jun-201586,193
30-Jun-201485,509
30-Jun-201383,842
30-Jun-201286,048
30-Jun-201185,374
30-Jun-201085,002
30-Jun-200983,391
30-Jun-200883,194
30-Jun-200779,734
30-Jun-200677,982
30-Jun-200576,190
30-Jun-200474,488
30-Jun-200373,657
30-Jun-200271,218

30-Jun-2019 82,710

The prison population at 30 September 2019 was 83,810.

Prison population detail


Population - IPP

Indeterminate Sentence for Public Protection.

YearPopulation - IPP
30-Jun-20192,315
30-Jun-20182,745
30-Jun-20173,353
30-Jun-20163,998
30-Jun-20154,614
30-Jun-20145,119
30-Jun-20135,618
30-Jun-20126,078
30-Jun-20116,056
30-Jun-20105,659
30-Jun-20095,240
30-Jun-20084,461
30-Jun-20072,859
30-Jun-20061,079
30-Jun-200524

30-Jun-2019 2,315

The number of unreleased IPP prisoners at 30 September 2019 was 2,223.


Population - life sentence

Life sentences (all variations).

YearPopulation - life sentence
30-Jun-20197,027
30-Jun-20187,117
30-Jun-20177,247
30-Jun-20167,361
30-Jun-20157,439
30-Jun-20147,468
30-Jun-20137,564
30-Jun-20127,676
30-Jun-20117,588
30-Jun-20107,475
30-Jun-20096,942
30-Jun-20086,922
30-Jun-20076,622
30-Jun-20066,195
30-Jun-20055,858
30-Jun-20045,595
30-Jun-20035,419
30-Jun-20025,146

30-Jun-2019 7,027

The number of unreleased life sentence prisoners at 30 September 2019 was 7,046.


A first reception is a measure which counts a prisoner's first movement into custody following a court hearing for a particular set of offences committed, and therefore gives the best indication of the number of new prisoners in the reporting period.

YearFirst receptions (quarterly)
Apr-Jun 201918,370
Jan-Mar 201917,690
Oct-Dec 201818,219
Jul-Sep 201818,974
Apr-Jun 201819,330
Jan-Mar 201819,927
Oct-Dec 201719,989
Jul-Sep 201721,335
Apr-Jun 201721,236
Jan-Mar 201721,357
Oct-Dec 201620,719
Jul-Sep 201621,732
Apr-Jun 201621,707
Jan-Mar 201622,100
Oct-Dec 201522,567
Jul-Sep 201522,958
Apr-Jun 201523,683
Jan-Mar 201524,514

A release is defined as a release from prison where the prisoner has finished serving the custodial term of their sentence(s) and excludes:

  • civil non-criminal prisoners;
  • persons committed to custody for non-payment of a fine;
  • releases to hospital;
  • deported prisoners from HMPPS operated Immigration Removal Centres (IRCs); and
  • releases following recall after release on licence, except occasions:
    • where the offender has committed a new offence and is committed to custody for a new sentence and the subsequent release date falls after the sentence expiry date of the original sentence; or
    • where upon release the offender is subject to the licence condition of the new custodial sentence.
YearReleases (quarterly)
Apr-Jun 201915,708
Jan-Mar 201915,432
Oct-Dec 201817,215
Jul-Sep 201817,136
Apr-Jun 201817,369
Jan-Mar 201817,904
Oct-Dec 201718,196
Jul-Sep 201717,897
Apr-Jun 201717,763
Jan-Mar 201717,639
Oct-Dec 201618,361
Jul-Sep 201618,714
Apr-Jun 201618,562
Jan-Mar 201617,923
Oct-Dec 201519,348
Jul-Sep 201518,880
Apr-Jun 201518,526
Jan-Mar 201517,797

Apr-Jun 2019 15,708

Releases (quarterly) detail