Offender management

Stock and flow statistics relating to offenders who are in prison.

Visit prisons and probation statistics for data sources and more details. There is also a guide to offender management statistics (PDF; July 2018).


Total number of prisoners at a specific point in time each year.

Prison population
Year Prison population
30-Jun-2020 79,514
30-Jun-2019 82,710
30-Jun-2018 82,773
30-Jun-2017 85,863
30-Jun-2016 85,134
30-Jun-2015 86,193
30-Jun-2014 85,509
30-Jun-2013 83,842
30-Jun-2012 86,048
30-Jun-2011 85,374
30-Jun-2010 85,002
30-Jun-2009 83,391
30-Jun-2008 83,194
30-Jun-2007 79,734
30-Jun-2006 77,982
30-Jun-2005 76,190
30-Jun-2004 74,488
30-Jun-2003 73,657
30-Jun-2002 71,218

30-Jun-2020 79,514

Prison population detail


Population - IPP

Indeterminate Sentence for Public Protection.

Population - IPP
Year Population - IPP
30-Jun-2020 1,969
30-Jun-2019 2,315
30-Jun-2018 2,745
30-Jun-2017 3,353
30-Jun-2016 3,998
30-Jun-2015 4,614
30-Jun-2014 5,119
30-Jun-2013 5,618
30-Jun-2012 6,078
30-Jun-2011 6,056
30-Jun-2010 5,659
30-Jun-2009 5,240
30-Jun-2008 4,461
30-Jun-2007 2,859
30-Jun-2006 1,079
30-Jun-2005 24

30-Jun-2020 1,969


Population - life sentence

Life sentences (all variations).

Population - life sentence
Year Population - life sentence
30-Jun-2020 6,985
30-Jun-2019 7,027
30-Jun-2018 7,117
30-Jun-2017 7,247
30-Jun-2016 7,361
30-Jun-2015 7,439
30-Jun-2014 7,468
30-Jun-2013 7,564
30-Jun-2012 7,676
30-Jun-2011 7,588
30-Jun-2010 7,475
30-Jun-2009 6,942
30-Jun-2008 6,922
30-Jun-2007 6,622
30-Jun-2006 6,195
30-Jun-2005 5,858
30-Jun-2004 5,595
30-Jun-2003 5,419
30-Jun-2002 5,146

30-Jun-2020 6,985


A first reception is a measure which counts a prisoner's first movement into custody following a court hearing for a particular set of offences committed, and therefore gives the best indication of the number of new prisoners in the reporting period.

First receptions (quarterly)
Year First receptions (quarterly)
Jan-Mar 2020 17,092
Oct-Dec 2019 17,306
Jul-Sep 2019 18,806
Apr-Jun 2019 18,370
Jan-Mar 2019 17,690
Oct-Dec 2018 18,219
Jul-Sep 2018 18,974
Apr-Jun 2018 19,330
Jan-Mar 2018 19,927
Oct-Dec 2017 19,989
Jul-Sep 2017 21,335
Apr-Jun 2017 21,236
Jan-Mar 2017 21,357
Oct-Dec 2016 20,719
Jul-Sep 2016 21,732
Apr-Jun 2016 21,707
Jan-Mar 2016 22,100
Oct-Dec 2015 22,567
Jul-Sep 2015 22,958
Apr-Jun 2015 23,683
Jan-Mar 2015 24,514

A release is defined as a release from prison where the prisoner has finished serving the custodial term of their sentence(s) and excludes:

  • civil non-criminal prisoners;
  • persons committed to custody for non-payment of a fine;
  • releases to hospital;
  • deported prisoners from HMPPS operated Immigration Removal Centres (IRCs); and
  • releases following recall after release on licence, except occasions:
    • where the offender has committed a new offence and is committed to custody for a new sentence and the subsequent release date falls after the sentence expiry date of the original sentence; or
    • where upon release the offender is subject to the licence condition of the new custodial sentence.
Releases (quarterly)
Year Releases (quarterly)
Jan-Mar 2020 14,721
Oct-Dec 2019 15,931
Jul-Sep 2019 15,699
Apr-Jun 2019 15,708
Jan-Mar 2019 15,432
Oct-Dec 2018 17,215
Jul-Sep 2018 17,136
Apr-Jun 2018 17,369
Jan-Mar 2018 17,904
Oct-Dec 2017 18,196
Jul-Sep 2017 17,897
Apr-Jun 2017 17,763
Jan-Mar 2017 17,639
Oct-Dec 2016 18,361
Jul-Sep 2016 18,714
Apr-Jun 2016 18,562
Jan-Mar 2016 17,923
Oct-Dec 2015 19,348
Jul-Sep 2015 18,880
Apr-Jun 2015 18,526
Jan-Mar 2015 17,797

Jan-Mar 2020 14,721

Releases (quarterly) detail