Criminal justice system statistics

Sentence types

The volume and complexity of offending patterns when reporting on all offences for which each individual is prosecuted and sentenced is too great for meaningful commentary throughout the publication of these data. For this reason, unless otherwise stated, each offender is reported only against the most severe sentence or order given for their principal offence (i.e. the principal sentence).

For futher information, please refer to the technical guide which accompanies the linked publication(s).


Offenders sentenced to immediate custody

Period Offenders sentenced to immediate custody
Jan - Dec 2012 98,044
Jan - Dec 2013 92,966
Jan - Dec 2014 91,313
Jan - Dec 2015 90,348
Jan - Dec 2016 89,862
Jan - Dec 2017 90,869
Jan - Dec 2018 83,348
Jan - Dec 2019 77,214
Jan - Dec 2020 60,947
Jan - Dec 2021 64,220
Jan - Dec 2022 64,853

Jan - Dec 2022

64,853

Update June 2023

In the 12 months to June 2023 66,945 offenders were sentenced to immediate custody.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Criminal justice system statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 18 January 2024. Next publication: 15 February 2024 9:30am. Update expected here by 15 March 2024.


Offenders sentenced to suspended sentence

Period Offenders sentenced to suspended sentence
Jan - Dec 2012 44,643
Jan - Dec 2013 48,765
Jan - Dec 2014 52,979
Jan - Dec 2015 57,072
Jan - Dec 2016 56,401
Jan - Dec 2017 55,732
Jan - Dec 2018 44,416
Jan - Dec 2019 40,369
Jan - Dec 2020 36,096
Jan - Dec 2021 43,332
Jan - Dec 2022 40,977

Jan - Dec 2022

40,977

Update June 2023

In the 12 months to June 2023 40,925 offenders were sentenced to immediate custody.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Criminal justice system statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 18 January 2024. Next publication: 15 February 2024 9:30am. Update expected here by 15 March 2024.


Offenders sentenced to community sentence

Period Offenders sentenced to community sentence
Jan - Dec 2012 149,691
Jan - Dec 2013 123,344
Jan - Dec 2014 109,408
Jan - Dec 2015 110,753
Jan - Dec 2016 99,858
Jan - Dec 2017 96,558
Jan - Dec 2018 92,071
Jan - Dec 2019 87,681
Jan - Dec 2020 62,245
Jan - Dec 2021 71,239
Jan - Dec 2022 69,691

Jan - Dec 2022

69,691

Update June 2023

In the 12 months to June 2023 68,436 offenders were sentenced to community sentence.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Criminal justice system statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 18 January 2024. Next publication: 15 February 2024 9:30am. Update expected here by 15 March 2024.


Offenders sentenced to a fine

Period Offenders sentenced to a fine
Jan - Dec 2012 823,290
Jan - Dec 2013 799,747
Jan - Dec 2014 853,336
Jan - Dec 2015 891,922
Jan - Dec 2016 913,152
Jan - Dec 2017 905,953
Jan - Dec 2018 932,002
Jan - Dec 2019 936,423
Jan - Dec 2020 624,383
Jan - Dec 2021 735,379
Jan - Dec 2022 833,544

Jan - Dec 2022

833,544

Update June 2023

In the 12 months to June 2023 864,410 offenders were sentenced to a fine.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Criminal justice system statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 18 January 2024. Next publication: 15 February 2024 9:30am. Update expected here by 15 March 2024.


Offenders sentenced to compensation order

A criminal compensation order (CCO) requires a person convicted of an offence to pay money to the victim of that offence for personal injury, loss or damage arising from it. The underlying purpose of a CCO is that offenders pay for the damage that they have caused, as a form of reparation.

Period Offenders sentenced to compensation order
Jan - Dec 2012 7,146
Jan - Dec 2013 9,325
Jan - Dec 2014 6,230
Jan - Dec 2015 5,239
Jan - Dec 2016 4,744
Jan - Dec 2017 3,729
Jan - Dec 2018 3,631
Jan - Dec 2019 3,340
Jan - Dec 2020 2,471
Jan - Dec 2021 2,825
Jan - Dec 2022 2,911

Jan - Dec 2022

2,911

Update June 2023

In the 12 months to June 2023 3,229 offenders were sentenced to compensation order.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Criminal justice system statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 18 January 2024. Next publication: 15 February 2024 9:30am. Update expected here by 15 March 2024.


Offenders sentenced to other disposal

Other disposals include restriction orders, hospital orders, guardianship orders, police cells, and other disposals.

Period Offenders sentenced to other disposal
Jan - Dec 2012 105,238
Jan - Dec 2013 101,343
Jan - Dec 2014 100,896
Jan - Dec 2015 90,418
Jan - Dec 2016 75,643
Jan - Dec 2017 61,714
Jan - Dec 2018 53,046
Jan - Dec 2019 50,426
Jan - Dec 2020 33,827
Jan - Dec 2021 36,576
Jan - Dec 2022 34,467

Jan - Dec 2022

34,467

Update June 2023

In the 12 months to June 2023 35,707 offenders were sentenced to other disposal.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Criminal justice system statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 18 January 2024. Next publication: 15 February 2024 9:30am. Update expected here by 15 March 2024.


Average custodial sentence length (months)

Excludes life and indeterminate sentences.

Period Average custodial sentence length (months)
Jan - Dec 2012 14.5
Jan - Dec 2013 15.5
Jan - Dec 2014 15.6
Jan - Dec 2015 16.2
Jan - Dec 2016 16.4
Jan - Dec 2017 17.8
Jan - Dec 2018 18.5
Jan - Dec 2019 18.6
Jan - Dec 2020 17.1
Jan - Dec 2021 20.7
Jan - Dec 2022 20.3

Jan - Dec 2022

20.3

Update June 2023

In the 12 months to June 2023 the average length of a custodial sentence was 20.4 months.

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Criminal justice system statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 18 January 2024. Next publication: 15 February 2024 9:30am. Update expected here by 15 March 2024.