Tribunals

Tribunals are specialist judicial bodies which decide disputes in particular areas of law. Appeals to tribunals are generally against a decision made by a government department or agency. The main exception to this is the employment tribunal where cases are on a party v party basis (specifically, employee versus employer). There are tribunals in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland covering a wide range of areas affecting day-to-day life. Her Majesty’s Courts & Tribunals Service (HMCTS) administers many of them although some are the responsibility of the devolved governments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

These measures show the annual total number of tribunals receipts by jurisdiction.

See tribunals statistics at MOJ for further information.


First Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)

Immigration and asylum appeals are against decisions made by the Home Office relating to permission to stay in the UK, deportation from the UK and entry clearance to the UK.

The First Tier Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (FTTIAC) is an independent Tribunal which deals with appeals against decisions made by the Home Office in immigration, asylum and nationality matters.

First Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)
Year First Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)
2020/21 25,215
2019/20 42,293
2018/19 43,864
2017/18 45,340
2016/17 54,439
2015/16 76,920
2014/15 91,627
2013/14 104,996
2012/13 103,923
2011/12 122,371
2010/11 146,104
2009/10 172,649
2008/09 205,891
2007/08 184,683

Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 25,215


Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)

The Upper Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (UTIAC) is a superior court of record dealing with appeals against decisions made by the First-tier Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (FTTIAC).

Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)
Year Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)
2020/21 2,355
2019/20 4,320
2018/19 7,276
2017/18 8,264
2016/17 6,276
2015/16 7,970
2014/15 9,202
2013/14 7,712
2012/13 7,224
2011/12 9,631
2010/11 8,965
2009/10
2008/09
2007/08

Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 2,355


UTIAC judicial reviews

Upper Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (UTIAC) judicial reviews.

UTIAC judicial reviews
Year UTIAC judicial reviews
2020/21 1,870
2019/20 5,679
2018/19 7,850
2017/18 10,011
2016/17 13,372
2015/16 15,727
2014/15 15,179
2013/14 7,841
2012/13
2011/12
2010/11
2009/10
2008/09
2007/08

Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 1,870


Employment tribunals

Employment tribunals are independent judicial bodies established to resolve disputes between employers and employees over employment rights.

Employment tribunals
Year Employment tribunals
2020/21 117,926
2019/20 103,973
2018/19 121,075
2017/18 109,698
2016/17 88,476
2015/16 83,031
2014/15 61,308
2013/14 105,803
2012/13 191,541
2011/12 186,331
2010/11 218,096
2009/10 236,103
2008/09 151,028
2007/08 189,303

Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 117,926


Social security and child support

Social Security and Child Support (SSCS) appeals are against decisions made by the Department for Work and Pensions about entitlement to benefits, for example Personal Independence Payment (PIP), Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) and Universal Credit. The tribunal is impartial and independent of government. The SSCS tribunal will listen to both sides before making a decision.

Social security and child support
Year Social security and child support
2020/21 93,495
2019/20 162,453
2018/19 195,643
2017/18 238,803
2016/17 228,604
2015/16 157,145
2014/15 112,082
2013/14 401,896
2012/13 507,131
2011/12 370,797
2010/11 418,476
2009/10 339,213
2008/09 242,825
2007/08 229,123

Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 93,495


Mental health

Hears applications and references for people detained under the Mental Health Act 1983 (as amended by the Mental Health Act 2007) or living in the community following the making of a conditional discharge, or a community treatment or guardianship order.

Mental health
Year Mental health
2020/21 32,409
2019/20 33,261
2018/19 32,803
2017/18 32,851
2016/17 33,223
2015/16 33,067
2014/15 32,101
2013/14 30,701
2012/13 28,969
2011/12 29,601
2010/11 25,946
2009/10 25,007
2008/09 22,652
2007/08 21,849

Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 32,409


Special tribunals

There are also smaller "special" tribunals covering other more detailed activities.

Special tribunals
Year Special tribunals
2020/21 27,179
2019/20 38,295
2018/19 35,371
2017/18 32,936
2016/17 29,093
2015/16 28,457
2014/15 30,440
2013/14 32,346
2012/13 33,563
2011/12 33,443
2010/11 25,246
2009/10 27,582
2008/09 20,232
2007/08 19,545

Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 27,179