Courts data

Tribunals

Tribunals are specialist judicial bodies which decide disputes in particular areas of law. Appeals to tribunals are generally against a decision made by a government department or agency. The main exception to this is the employment tribunal where cases are on a party v party basis (specifically, employee versus employer). There are tribunals in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland covering a wide range of areas affecting day-to-day life. His Majesty’s Courts & Tribunals Service (HMCTS) administers many of them although some are the responsibility of the devolved governments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

These measures show the annual total number of tribunals receipts by jurisdiction.

See tribunals statistics at MOJ for further information.


Tribunals receipts - overall

The overall total for 2021/22, 2022/23 and 2023/24 is unavailable due to migration of some tribunals.

An 'Interim Total' has been calculated. This is the sum of all the tribunals excluding those tribunals with data missing or incomplete i.e. Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber). These tribunals are being migrated to a new case management system and will be made available as soon as possible.

Period Tribunals receipts - overall
Apr 2007 - Mar 2008 652,179
Apr 2008 - Mar 2009 649,219
Apr 2009 - Mar 2010 806,239
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 840,769
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 750,389
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 875,180
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 693,587
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 352,173
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 400,574
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 454,016
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 476,205
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 442,143
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 390,840
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 302,207
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022
Apr 2022 - Mar 2023 351,890
Apr 2023 - Mar 2024 376,189

Apr 2023 - Mar 2024

376,189

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.


Tribunals disposals - overall

The overall total for 2021/22, 2022/23 and 2023/24 is unavailable due to migration of some tribunals.

An 'Interim Total' has been calculated. This is the sum of all the tribunals excluding those tribunals with data missing or incomplete i.e. Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber). These tribunals are being migrated to a new case management system and will be made available as soon as possible.

Period Tribunals disposals - overall
Apr 2007 - Mar 2008 550,148
Apr 2008 - Mar 2009 568,671
Apr 2009 - Mar 2010 649,920
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 719,623
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 739,747
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 739,723
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 869,105
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 640,414
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 364,860
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 386,709
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 400,659
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 392,575
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 373,642
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 263,572
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022
Apr 2022 - Mar 2023 298,219
Apr 2023 - Mar 2024 345,334

Apr 2023 - Mar 2024

345,334

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.


First Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) receipts

Immigration and asylum appeals are against decisions made by the Home Office relating to permission to stay in the UK, deportation from the UK and entry clearance to the UK.

The First Tier Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (FTTIAC) is an independent Tribunal which deals with appeals against decisions made by the Home Office in immigration, asylum and nationality matters.

Period First Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) receipts
Apr 2007 - Mar 2008 184,683
Apr 2008 - Mar 2009 205,891
Apr 2009 - Mar 2010 172,649
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 146,104
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 122,371
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 103,923
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 104,996
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 91,627
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 76,920
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 54,439
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 45,340
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 43,864
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 42,293
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 26,211
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022 39,742
Apr 2022 - Mar 2023 37,773
Apr 2023 - Mar 2024 57,878

Apr 2023 - Mar 2024

57,878

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.


Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) receipts

The Upper Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (UTIAC) is a superior court of record dealing with appeals against decisions made by the First-tier Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (FTTIAC).

Data for 2021/22, 2022/23 and 2023/24 is unavailable due to this tribunal being migrated to a new case management system. The data will be made available as soon as possible, and the data is quality assured.

Period Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) receipts
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 8,965
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 9,631
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 7,224
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 7,712
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 9,202
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 7,970
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 6,276
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 8,264
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 7,276
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 4,320
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 2,359

Apr 2020 - Mar 2021

2,359

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.


UTIAC judicial reviews receipts

Upper Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (UTIAC) judicial reviews.

Period UTIAC judicial reviews receipts
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 7,841
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 15,179
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 15,727
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 13,372
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 10,011
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 7,850
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 5,679
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 1,870
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022 1,895
Apr 2022 - Mar 2023 2,320
Apr 2023 - Mar 2024 2,986

Apr 2023 - Mar 2024

2,986

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.


Employment tribunal receipts - single claims

Employment tribunals are independent judicial bodies established to resolve disputes between employers and employees over employment rights.

Data for 2021/22 is missing due to this tribunal being migrated to a new case management system. The data will be made available as soon as possible, and the data is quality assured.

Period Employment tribunal receipts - single claims
Apr 2007 - Mar 2008
Apr 2008 - Mar 2009 62,370
Apr 2009 - Mar 2010 71,280
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 60,591
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 59,247
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 54,704
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 34,219
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 16,420
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 16,935
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 17,005
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 27,916
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 34,974
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 39,615
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 41,860
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022
Apr 2022 - Mar 2023 31,134
Apr 2023 - Mar 2024 33,665

Apr 2023 - Mar 2024

33,665

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.


Employment tribunal receipts - multiple claims

Employment tribunals are independent judicial bodies established to resolve disputes between employers and employees over employment rights.

Data for 2021/22 is missing due to this tribunal being migrated to a new case management system. The data will be made available as soon as possible, and the data is quality assured.

Period Employment tribunal receipts - multiple claims
Apr 2007 - Mar 2008
Apr 2008 - Mar 2009 88,658
Apr 2009 - Mar 2010 164,823
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 157,505
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 127,084
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 136,837
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 71,584
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 44,888
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 66,096
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 71,471
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 81,782
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 86,101
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 64,358
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 76,066
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022
Apr 2022 - Mar 2023 54,884
Apr 2023 - Mar 2024 58,813

Apr 2023 - Mar 2024

58,813

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.


Employment tribunal disposals - single claims

Employment tribunals are independent judicial bodies established to resolve disputes between employers and employees over employment rights.

Data for 2021/22 is missing due to this tribunal being migrated to a new case management system. The data will be made available as soon as possible, and the data is quality assured.

Period Employment tribunal disposals - single claims
Apr 2007 - Mar 2008
Apr 2008 - Mar 2009
Apr 2009 - Mar 2010 65,018
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 62,887
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 59,402
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 56,011
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 42,165
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 18,839
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 15,342
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 14,755
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 17,221
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 24,200
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 27,576
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 25,068
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022
Apr 2022 - Mar 2023 32,273
Apr 2023 - Mar 2024 30,705

Apr 2023 - Mar 2024

30,705

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.


Employment tribunal disposals - multiple claims

The large number of employment tribunal multiple claims disposals in 2014/2015 is due to a very large multiple airlines case covering 71,000 jurisdictions and relating to the Working Time Directive ending.

Data for 2021/22 is missing due to this tribunal being migrated to a new case management system. The data will be made available as soon as possible, and the data is quality assured.

Period Employment tribunal disposals - multiple claims
Apr 2007 - Mar 2008
Apr 2008 - Mar 2009
Apr 2009 - Mar 2010 47,346
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 59,905
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 51,367
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 51,409
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 106,222
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 293,934
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 34,187
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 30,422
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 21,450
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 19,394
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 22,641
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 16,554
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022
Apr 2022 - Mar 2023 39,501
Apr 2023 - Mar 2024 71,989

Apr 2023 - Mar 2024

71,989

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.


Social security and child support receipts

Social Security and Child Support (SSCS) appeals are against decisions made by the Department for Work and Pensions about entitlement to benefits, for example Personal Independence Payment (PIP), Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) and Universal Credit. The tribunal is impartial and independent of government. The SSCS tribunal will listen to both sides before making a decision.

Period Social security and child support receipts
Apr 2007 - Mar 2008 229,123
Apr 2008 - Mar 2009 242,825
Apr 2009 - Mar 2010 339,213
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 418,476
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 370,797
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 507,131
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 401,896
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 112,082
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 157,145
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 228,604
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 238,803
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 195,506
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 162,101
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 93,303
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022 95,058
Apr 2022 - Mar 2023 137,212
Apr 2023 - Mar 2024 136,887

Apr 2023 - Mar 2024

136,887

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.


Mental health receipts

Hears applications and references for people detained under the Mental Health Act 1983 (as amended by the Mental Health Act 2007) or living in the community following the making of a conditional discharge, or a community treatment or guardianship order.

Period Mental health receipts
Apr 2007 - Mar 2008 21,849
Apr 2008 - Mar 2009 22,652
Apr 2009 - Mar 2010 25,007
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 25,946
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 29,601
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 28,969
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 30,701
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 32,101
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 33,067
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 33,223
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 32,851
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 32,803
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 33,261
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 32,409
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022 31,994
Apr 2022 - Mar 2023 30,660
Apr 2023 - Mar 2024 31,226

Apr 2023 - Mar 2024

31,226

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.


Special tribunals receipts

There are also smaller "special" tribunals covering other more detailed activities.

Period Special tribunals receipts
Apr 2007 - Mar 2008 19,545
Apr 2008 - Mar 2009 20,232
Apr 2009 - Mar 2010 27,582
Apr 2010 - Mar 2011 25,246
Apr 2011 - Mar 2012 33,443
Apr 2012 - Mar 2013 33,563
Apr 2013 - Mar 2014 32,346
Apr 2014 - Mar 2015 30,440
Apr 2015 - Mar 2016 28,457
Apr 2016 - Mar 2017 29,093
Apr 2017 - Mar 2018 32,936
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019 35,371
Apr 2019 - Mar 2020 38,295
Apr 2020 - Mar 2021 27,016
Apr 2021 - Mar 2022 47,559
Apr 2022 - Mar 2023 54,643
Apr 2023 - Mar 2024 50,969

Apr 2023 - Mar 2024

50,969

Data source

The data source for this measure and more detailed information can be found in the Tribunals statistics quarterly publication.

Publication date

Published: 13 June 2024. Next publication: 03 October 2024 9:30am.