Prisons data

The government is reforming the way prisons work in order to improve how they protect the public, keep staff and prisoners safe, and help offenders turn away from crime. To do this we are holding prison governors to account for improvements in the following areas:


Prisons overview

Prison ownership

At July 2019 (source).

Prison type

At July 2019 (source). IRC = public sector immigration removal centre.

Public prison staff

At 31 Mar 2019 (source). FTE = full time equivalent.


Prison population

Prison population by gender

IRC = public sector immigration removal centre.

Prison population by age band

At 30 Jun 2019 (source).


Sentenced offence type

Percentage of sentenced prison population by offence type.

Violence against the person

27%

Sexual
offences

18%

Drug
offences

15%

Theft
offences

12%

Other
offences

28%

At 30 Jun 2019 (source). Percentages are rounded so may not sum to 100%.


To protect the public, prisons must hold prisoners securely. This not only prevents further offences being committed, but is an important foundation for the wider work of prisons in reforming offenders.


Prisons need to be and feel safe for both staff and prisoners. Violent incidents are the most obvious issue, but this is also about wider culture and atmosphere of the prison and the support it provides to vulnerable prisoners.


To reform offenders, we need to be sure they are being given the right services and opportunities across the different areas we know support rehabilitation and help prevent a return to crime.

These include improving prisoners’ mental health and tackling substance misuse, improving prisoners’ progress in English and maths and increasing the numbers of offenders in employment and accommodation after release.


Prisons need to support offenders to prepare for their release, working together with probation and with other services that support the transition through the gate.


Stock and flow statistics relating to offenders who are in prison.

Prison population

82,710

30-Jun-2019

Population - IPP

2,315

30-Jun-2019

Population - life sentence

7,027

30-Jun-2019

First receptions (quarterly)

17,690

Jan-Mar 2019

Releases (quarterly)

15,432

Jan-Mar 2019


 back to top