Tribunals

Tribunals are specialist judicial bodies which decide disputes in particular areas of law. Appeals to tribunals are generally against a decision made by a government department or agency. The main exception to this is the employment tribunal where cases are on a party v party basis (specifically, employee versus employer). There are tribunals in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland covering a wide range of areas affecting day-to-day life. Her Majesty’s Courts & Tribunals Service (HMCTS) administers many of them although some are the responsibility of the devolved governments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

These measures show the annual total number of tribunals receipts by jurisdiction.

See tribunals statistics at MOJ for further information.


First Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)

Immigration and asylum appeals are against decisions made by the Home Office relating to permission to stay in the UK, deportation from the UK and entry clearance to the UK.

The First Tier Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (FTTIAC) is an independent Tribunal which deals with appeals against decisions made by the Home Office in immigration, asylum and nationality matters.

Show as: chart | table

Period First Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 184,683
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 205,891
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 172,649
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 146,104
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 122,371
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 103,923
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 104,996
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 91,627
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 76,920
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 54,439
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 45,340
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 43,864
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 42,293
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 26,211
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 39,486

Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 39,486

Data source Tribunals statistics


Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)

The Upper Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (UTIAC) is a superior court of record dealing with appeals against decisions made by the First-tier Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (FTTIAC).

Receipts data for 2021/22 is missing due to this tribunal being migrated to a new case management system. The data will be made available as soon as possible, and the data is quality assured.

Show as: chart | table

Period Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 8,965
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 9,631
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 7,224
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 7,712
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 9,202
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 7,970
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 6,276
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 8,264
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 7,276
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 4,320
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 2,359
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022

Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 -

Data source Tribunals statistics


UTIAC judicial reviews

Upper Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (UTIAC) judicial reviews.

Show as: chart | table

Period UTIAC judicial reviews
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 7,841
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 15,179
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 15,727
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 13,372
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 10,011
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 7,850
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 5,679
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 1,870
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 1,894

Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 1,894

Data source Tribunals statistics


Employment tribunals

Employment tribunals are independent judicial bodies established to resolve disputes between employers and employees over employment rights.

Receipts data for 2021/22 is missing due to this tribunal being migrated to a new case management system. The data will be made available as soon as possible, and the data is quality assured.

Show as: chart | table

Period Employment tribunals
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 189,303
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 151,028
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 236,103
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 218,096
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 186,331
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 191,541
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 105,803
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 61,308
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 83,031
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 88,476
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 109,698
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 121,075
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 103,973
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 117,926
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022

Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 -

Data source Tribunals statistics


Social security and child support

Social Security and Child Support (SSCS) appeals are against decisions made by the Department for Work and Pensions about entitlement to benefits, for example Personal Independence Payment (PIP), Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) and Universal Credit. The tribunal is impartial and independent of government. The SSCS tribunal will listen to both sides before making a decision.

Show as: chart | table

Period Social security and child support
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 229,123
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 242,825
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 339,213
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 418,476
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 370,797
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 507,131
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 401,896
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 112,082
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 157,145
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 228,604
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 238,803
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 195,506
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 162,101
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 93,303
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 95,008

Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 95,008

Data source Tribunals statistics


Mental health

Hears applications and references for people detained under the Mental Health Act 1983 (as amended by the Mental Health Act 2007) or living in the community following the making of a conditional discharge, or a community treatment or guardianship order.

Show as: chart | table

Period Mental health
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 21,849
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 22,652
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 25,007
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 25,946
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 29,601
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 28,969
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 30,701
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 32,101
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 33,067
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 33,223
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 32,851
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 32,803
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 33,261
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 32,409
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 31,994

Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 31,994

Data source Tribunals statistics


Special tribunals

There are also smaller "special" tribunals covering other more detailed activities.

Show as: chart | table

Period Special tribunals
Apr 2007 to Mar 2008 19,545
Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 20,232
Apr 2009 to Mar 2010 27,582
Apr 2010 to Mar 2011 25,246
Apr 2011 to Mar 2012 33,443
Apr 2012 to Mar 2013 33,563
Apr 2013 to Mar 2014 32,346
Apr 2014 to Mar 2015 30,440
Apr 2015 to Mar 2016 28,457
Apr 2016 to Mar 2017 29,093
Apr 2017 to Mar 2018 32,936
Apr 2018 to Mar 2019 35,371
Apr 2019 to Mar 2020 38,295
Apr 2020 to Mar 2021 27,016
Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 47,559

Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 47,559

Data source Tribunals statistics