Improving quality of justice - adult rape


Crime recorded to police decision

Percentage of police-recorded offences where the investigation is closed because no suspect has been identified

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Period Percentage of police-recorded offences where the investigation is closed because no suspect has been identified
Jan-Dec 2019 10.7 %
Q1 (Jan-Mar) 2021 9.7 %
Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 8.9 %

Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 8.9 %

Down 0.8ppt from Jan-Mar 2021

Data source Police recorded crime and outcomes


Percentage of cases which resulted in a charge

Out of all adult rape cases with any outcome assigned.

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Period Percentage of cases which resulted in a charge
Jan-Dec 2019 2.8%
Q1 (Jan-Mar) 2021 4.1%
Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 3.6%

Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 3.6%

Down 0.5ppt from Jan-Mar 2021

Data source Police recorded crime and outcomes


Percentage of cases which resulted in a charge (out of all adult rape cases recorded)

The below is an alternative charge ratio metric. This is different to the metric above because it shows the ratio of adult rapes that have been both recorded and a decision to charge made as a proportion of all rapes recorded in the same period. The latter will include open and completed investigations - investigations where a decision has been made and investigations where a decision has not yet been made.

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Period Percentage of cases which resulted in a charge (out of all adult rape cases recorded)
Jan-Dec 2019 1.3 %
Q1 (Jan-Mar) 2021 0.7 %
Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 0.6 %

Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 0.6 %

Down 0.1ppt from Jan-Mar 2021


Police referral to Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) decision to charge

Percentage of CPS-charged prosecutions that are stopped due to an incorrect charging decision

Based on an assessment by a lawyer, at any time during prosecution proceedings, that the charge authorised by the CPS was incorrect.

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Period Percentage of CPS-charged prosecutions that are stopped due to an incorrect charging decision
Jan-Dec 2019 0.5 %
Q1 (Jan-Mar) 2021 0.0 %
Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 0.7 %

Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 0.7 %

Up 0.7ppt from Jan-Mar 2021


CPS charge to case completion in court

Percentage of cases which resulted in a completed trial

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Period Percentage of cases which resulted in a completed trial
Jan-Dec 2019 66 %
Q1 (Jan-Mar) 2021 65 %
Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 72 %

Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 72 %

Up 7ppt from Jan-Mar 2021


Percentage of cases which are rearranged on the day of trial

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Period Percentage of cases which are rearranged on the day of trial
Jan-Dec 2019 9 %
Q1 (Jan-Mar) 2021 11 %
Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 12 %

Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 12 %

Up 1ppt from Jan-Mar 2021

Data source Trial effectiveness at the criminal courts tool (.xlsx download)


Percentage of cases that do not proceed to trial on the day because the prosecution does not proceed

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Period Percentage of cases that do not proceed to trial on the day because the prosecution does not proceed
Jan-Dec 2019 1.1 %
Q1 (Jan-Mar) 2021 0.5 %
Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 1.7 %

Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 1.7 %

Up 1.2ppt from Jan-Mar 2021

Data source Trial effectiveness at the criminal courts tool (.xlsx download)


Guilty plea rate at the Crown Court

As a proportion of all defendants who enter a plea.

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Period Guilty plea rate at the Crown Court
Jan-Dec 2019 21 %
Q1 (Jan-Mar) 2021 21 %
Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 16 %

Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 16 %

Down 5ppt from Jan-Mar 2021

Data source Crown Court plea tool (.xlsx download)


Percentage of defendants who plead guilty before a trial starts

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Period Percentage of defendants who plead guilty before a trial starts
Jan-Dec 2019 10 %
Q1 (Jan-Mar) 2021 10 %
Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 9 %

Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 9 %

Down 1ppt from Jan-Mar 2021

Data source Crown Court plea tool (.xlsx download)


Number of witnesses who have given evidence via Section 28 in a case with at least one adult rape offence

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Period Number of witnesses who have given evidence via Section 28 in a case with at least one adult rape offence
Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 55

Q2 (Apr-Jun) 2021 55